n IMFO : Official Journal of the Institute of Municipal Finance Officers - Clear the air - embracing tools for healthy communities

Volume 9, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1607-520X



Vulnerability to air pollution includes three elements: susceptibility, exposure and coping. The WHO specifies vulnerable population groups based on inherent factors, acquired environmental, social or behavioural factors and unusually high exposures.

Sub-populations regarded as vulnerable to air pollution include children, the elderly, people with certain underlying diseases such as cardiovascular-respiratory diseases, impaired immune systems, and communities who are socio-economically deprived.

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