Soil classification is normally based on profile characteristics, genesis as well as chemical and physical characteristics systems. Traditional formers all over Ghana have their own classifications based on colour,texture and coarse material content of the soils. In the Nanumba District farmers have come out with four major soils based on this criteria as against seve"" by Soil Scientists. However, comparing the two classifications there are not many diffirences between them. With regard to the agronomic values of the Soils both soil scientists and traditional farmers are almost in total agreement. The only differences that occur are due to the fact that the soil scientist bases agronomic values on the ranges of possibilities ojJered by the soils and climate while the traditional farmer, in addition, considers the culture of the area.
As people struggle to improve their well-being it is the environment which both provides materials whilst -at the same time constraining the effort. This interconnection between human aspiration and ecological integrity is a rather complex one incorporating links between population numbers and per capita resource demand, pattern of culture, organisation, technology and the physical environment. Each ecological complex of concern is located within a wider politico-economic environment. The paper argues that popular perceptions concerning the links between population growth and ecological degradation in Northern Ghana can be misleading if examined outside this complex nexus.