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- Volume 20, Issue 1, 2004
Institute of African Studies Research Review - Volume 20, Issue 1, 2004
Volumes & issues
Volume 20, Issue 1, 2004
Author Mambo T. MasindaSource: Institute of African Studies Research Review 20, pp 1 –7 (2004)More Less
In this paper, I postulate that forced migration in modern Africa is largely explained by factors deeply rooted in colonial legacies and the globalization process. For example, among the colonial historical factors someone may identify land alienation that still fuels conflicts in Zimbabwe, the colonial military doctrine based on human rights abuse that continues to drive post-independence military actions in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and the colonial ethnic hierarchization that continues to enforce exclusive ethnic identities in Rwanda and Burundi. On its part, globalization is about pauperizing and victimizing more and more people around the world, therefore generating more and more wars ultimately provoking forced migration. Solutions are not easy to design and implement. But I believe that it is possible to limit forced migration in Africa if state leaders and the international community decide to address colonial historical legacies and oblige corporations to commit to a more responsible management.
Challenges of population census enumeration in Africa : an illustration with the age-sex data of the GambiaAuthor Chuks J. MbaSource: Institute of African Studies Research Review 20, pp 9 –19 (2004)More Less
A salient feature of the current literature on development planning in Africa is the growing recognition of the cardinal role of population as a factor in determining the level, pattern and rate of development. In this respect, what is most significant is the recognition accorded to the inter-relationships between population variables and other economic, social and cultural factors. A worthy and desirable goal of all economic and social development is the improvement of the standard of living of the population. It is therefore crucial that development planning should take into account the nature, evolution and characteristics of the population to be catered for in the plan period. An indispensable way of doing this is through empirical evidence emanating from official census enumeration. Biased or defective census data would lead to wrong decisions and future estimates and projections based on defective data will mislead planners and administrators. <br>As an illustration and based on data availability, an attempt was made to assess the quality of the age-sex data in the 1973-1993 censuses of The Gambia. Focus was on the levels and trends of error over the twenty-year period. In order to provide a clear picture of the extent of distortion which might have occurred, the data presented in single years of age were first evaluated by using the Whipple's, Myers', and Bachi's indexes. The Whipple's index has remained at over 230, while the Myers' and Bachi's indexes have fluctuated around 44 and 29, respectively, over the period. The results show that there were biases from inaccurate age reporting and recording between1973 and 1993. A closer examination of the age distribution was carried out by trying to curtail part of the erratic fluctuations in the single-year age distribution through grouping the data in quinary ages, and applying the United Nation age-sex accuracy index. This index yielded 92 in 1973, 87 in 1983, and 76 in 1993, indicating that the quality of the age-sex data is still poor in The Gambia. However, age data for males are more accurate than for females. <br>The findings are not peculiar to Gambia. Adequate statistical data for planning is lacking for many countries in Africa. In these countries, a significant amount of collected data lags unduly behind and the universe coverage is generally incomplete. And yet the countries of the region require reasonably accurate statistical information for effective development planning especially of basic societal needs in all sectors: education, employment, health, housing, transportation, and agriculture and food. The planning is essentially predicated on the collection of accurate age and sex data. Uptake in educational levels is likely to reduce age misstatement in the region.
Author F. Nii-YarteySource: Institute of African Studies Research Review 20, pp 21 –31 (2004)More Less
Dance in Africa continues to play a significant role in the social and religious lives of the people. In Wenchi, the Brong Ahafo region of Ghana, the Gobi dance is one of the most popular dance forms. <br>Gobi, performed by two settler groups, the Wangara and Banda, originally from the Ivory Coast, is an example of the role dance plays in uniting the community. Even though the Wangara and Banda see themselves as different ethnic groups, they are united as one through their participation in Gobi. <br>An important feature of Gobi is that the movements that form the form are a combination of Manding, Dyula and Akan movement patterns. This combination in effect, has contributed to the growth and appeal of Gobi. It has also benefited the cultural life of the people of Wenchi.
Author Foluke OgunleyeSource: Institute of African Studies Research Review 20, pp 33 –47 (2004)More Less
In the Nigerian theatre, more female playwrights are emerging to question the invisibility and negative female stereotypes that have characterized the works of many Nigerian male dramatists. They are beginning to challenge the male -centric approach of the hitherto patriarchal domain. This study examines the seminal efforts of two female playwrights, Foluke Adesina and Chima Utoh. The two plays for analysis are: <I>A Nest in a Cage</I> by Foluke Adesina and <I>Who Owns this Coffin?</I> by Chima Utoh. The main preoccupation of this work is the critical analysis of the image of the twenty-first century Nigerian woman. This article focuses on the selected playwrights as Womanists, who are engaged in the process of constructing icons and symbols for African and Nigerian women. We also discuss, among other things, the process of providing examples for African and Nigerian women's self expression and self-identification. We adopt the position that womanism does not shy away from reality; consequently, the study examines the various types of female characters- the good, the bad, and the ugly, within the society as presented in the plays. The bad and the ugly are presented as results of patriarchal social structures and individual pathologies. This discourse is predicated on the view that Womanist poetics is a way of 'raising the consciousness of women, sensitizing and conscientizing them in order to enhance their involvement in all areas of society without any inhibition'.
Fertile Crossings; Metamorphoses of Genre in Anglophone West African Literature, Pietro Deandrea : book reviewAuthor M.E. Kropp DakubuSource: Institute of African Studies Research Review 20, pp 57 –58 (2004)More Less
Moving Through and Passing On, Fulani Mobility, Survival, and Identity in Ghana, Yaa P.A. Oppong : book reviewAuthor Edward NanbigneSource: Institute of African Studies Research Review 20, pp 58 –59 (2004)More Less