n Institute of African Studies Research Review - The impact of colonial legacies and globalization processes on forced migration in modern Africa




In this paper, I postulate that forced migration in modern Africa is largely explained by factors deeply rooted in colonial legacies and the globalization process. For example, among the colonial historical factors someone may identify land alienation that still fuels conflicts in Zimbabwe, the colonial military doctrine based on human rights abuse that continues to drive post-independence military actions in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and the colonial ethnic hierarchization that continues to enforce exclusive ethnic identities in Rwanda and Burundi. On its part, globalization is about pauperizing and victimizing more and more people around the world, therefore generating more and more wars ultimately provoking forced migration. Solutions are not easy to design and implement. But I believe that it is possible to limit forced migration in Africa if state leaders and the international community decide to address colonial historical legacies and oblige corporations to commit to a more responsible management.


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