Nigeria is a disaster-prone country where the frequency and intensity of both natural and human induced disasters have increased significantly in recent years. This is because previous disasters and the likelihood of potential ones were not factored into development programmes. Therefore, moves towards sustainable development and poverty reduction initiatives are threatened by disasters triggered by hazards of hydro-meteorological, geological and environmental origins, often amplified by human activities and technology. The vulnerability to hazards in Nigeria is determined by two variables: the vulnerability of the elements at risk contained within them and the hazards of their locations.
The current low level of preparedness when juxtaposed with the predicted increase in environmental emergencies due to climate change and urbanization portends danger, because they might become obstacles to development. Using secondary data and in-depth analysis, this paper critically examines the challenge of disaster risk management in Nigeria. The findings reveal that there are technical and managerial flaws in disaster management in the country. A realistic approach to reduce the toll of disasters in Nigeria requires a more comprehensive approach that encompasses both pre-disaster risk reduction and post-disaster recovery. This should be framed by new policies and institutional arrangements that support effective action.
From the 18th century the Grunshi, a group of peoples in the north of modern Ghana, suffered from the slave raids of centralised states, their southern neighbours, especially the Dagomba. Under Babatu (d. 1807), the leader of Zabarima warriors, slave raiding reached its peak.
This paper attempts to throw light on the defensive strategies of the Bulsa (Builsa), an ethnic group living southwest of Navrongo (U.E.R.), in battles and also on their habit of retreating into caverns when attacked. An examination of these caverns proved that, at least in the Bulsa area, a particular type is predominant. This consists of a secluded natural cavity, which can be entered only through a shaft and a horizontal tunnel.
It could be demonstrated that several caverns of the Bulsa and the Koma, their immediate neighbours, are today either earth shrines themselves or closely associated to such.
Chieftaincy conflicts have become a common phenomenon in many parts of Ghana. In Northern Ghana, most of the causes of chieftaincy disputes are linked with royalty and legibility to contest a particular skin. This paper is based on empirical analysis of the dynamics of royalty and how it relates to eligibility and succession as an emerging pattern of chieftaincy succession disputes in Wungu, in Northern Ghana. The data for this article were collected through interviews, observations and archival materials. The paper argues among other things that, the Regional Houses of Chiefs should embark on vigorous education so as to enlighten the youth, chief-makers and royals to avoid chieftaincy disputes. Succession rules should be made clear and if possible codified to avoid instances of controversies regarding eligibility.
In Dagbon, the traditional state of the people of Dagbamba in northern Ghana, dance is used by the people as one of their media for expressing social organization, validating institutions, perpetuating values and promoting group solidarity. One common social form of the Dagbamba is the Baamaya dance suite. The role this dance plays is very vital to the growth and development of the people. The Baamaya dance suite is performed in remembrance of a calamity that once befell Dagbon in the middle of the 17th century. The performance of the dance reminds the people about a severe drought that befell the land, when in an attempt to find out the cause of the drought, the land gods were consulted. The paper provides a description of the dance and the main features of its performance.