- A-Z Publications
- Institute of African Studies Research Review
- Previous Issues
- Volume 26, Issue 1, 2010
Institute of African Studies Research Review - Volume 26, Issue 1, 2010
Volumes & issues
Volume 26, Issue 1, 2010
The conflict of the epistemologies in Turgenev's Russia and its resonance with the African intellectual crisisAuthor G. Nasser AdamSource: Institute of African Studies Research Review 26, pp 1 –22 (2010)More Less
Turgenev's Fathers and Sons is not only about a generational conflict; it also depicts a crisis in the paradigms of knowledge in nineteenth century Russia. While the nobility revel in the arts, letters and aesthetics, the nihilists dismiss them as romantic nonsense. For them the only worthwhile knowledge is that which has practical value and can be verified in the laboratory. This paper sifts the nuggets from the otherwise nihilist dross, and pushes the debate to the frontiers of the African experience insinuating the culpability of the dominant intellectual paradigms in perpetuating the continent's crisis of underdevelopment.
Author Eva ObodoSource: Institute of African Studies Research Review 26, pp 23 –36 (2010)More Less
Jute fiber is one important material that has given many artists the opportunity to find their voice in contemporary art practice. They have explored the material in diverse ways which yielded rewarding dividends that are highly aesthetic and expressive. The uniqueness of their creative expression depended largely on their individual methods of working with the material. The 'Line Walk' project, however, is a process-oriented studio exploration which employed local everyday gestures, such as rolling, stitching and sewing, as methods in dialoguing with jute sacks to arrive at visual imageries that mirror the socio-political activities of man. This paper reports on the project. It describes the materials used and the different stages of production involved in the creation of a body of work called the Line Walk Series. It also analyses the formal features of the exploration results and discusses their conceptual references and meanings, especially as they relate to socio-political issues and events in Nigeria.
The performing arts and the post-colonial Ghanaian experience : the Ghana National Symphony Orchestra in perspectiveSource: Institute of African Studies Research Review 26, pp 37 –60 (2010)More Less
The National Symphony Orchestra was established some 50 years ago as one of several institutions to spearhead an African cultural renaissance agenda in Ghana. Of the several institutions established the orchestra was criticised the most, ostensibly for its paradoxical status as a foreign ensemble. In this article we recount the history of the national orchestra and argue that, like other indigenized colonial institutions, the debate over its cultural relevance or otherwise should focus on the use(s) to which that ensemble is put in the Ghanaian context rather than on its history of origin and instrumentation.
Source: Institute of African Studies Research Review 26, pp 61 –80 (2010)More Less
In Sub-Saharan Africa sex is nearly a taboo subject, although in this region HIV is mostly transmitted through the expression of sexuality. Given this, our study aimed primarily at opening up communication on sexuality and to garner sexuality-related information that have implications for HIV and AIDS.
Eighty-one qualitative interviews were conducted across all ecological zones of Ghana. This paper teases out the findings on the aged and the physically challenged. All the respondents indicated that sexual activity amongst the aged is normal and acceptable, and all but one of them approved of having multiple sexual partners for males, but not for females.
Similarly, all the respondents expected people with disabilities to express their sexuality by having sexual intercourse and marrying, although people with disabilities are discriminated against when it comes to choosing their sexual partners. Our findings have implications for the spread of HIV and AIDS heterosexually.
Source: Institute of African Studies Research Review 26, pp 81 –112 (2010)More Less
Northern Ghana has remained the poorest part of the country. The gains from macro-economic adjustment seem to have impacted minimally on the landscape as the area has the highest percentage of the people being poor. The dynamics of regional development have maintained an extractive tendency, siphoning labour to more resource-rich parts of the country. The data from the Ghana Living Standards Surveys provide ample justification for denoting northern Ghana a marginal area. The extent and depth of poverty in the area reflects its dire food insecurity position. Development policies are needed that enhance both agricultural production and greater participation of the poor in urban economic activities. It is argued that urbanisation and its associated spin-offs are necessary in order to achieve improved food security.
The influence of tourism activity on people's livelihoods in selected tourist centres in Ogun State, NigeriaAuthor K. Oyebisi BakareSource: Institute of African Studies Research Review 26, pp 113 –126 (2010)More Less
Tourism is not an isolated economic venture; it spreads over the spheres of all other sectors. The study examined the influence of tourism activity on people's livelihoods in selected tourist centres in Ogun State, Nigeria. The research was carried out in three purposively selected popular tourism centres in Ogun State. Data were collected with the distribution of a structured questionnaire to 150 respondents. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistics (chi square). The findings revealed that the influence of tourism on people is enormous. Tourism has helped to generate income and livelihoods to people living around tourism host areas in Ogun State. It was also observed in the study that sex (X2=5.56, p>0.05) and educational qualifications (X2=2.71, p>0.05) were not significant to engaging in tourism based business. This makes it accessible to all and sundry in the tourism host communities, especially rural areas where illiteracy rate is high. A majority of the respondents in the study area, (Olumo rock 76.0%, Nasfat 54.0%, and RCCG 66.0%) acknowledged that their businesses fetch them high profit. Items/services mostly demanded in the study area were local souvenirs (31.4%), destination services (10.8%), food and drinks (31.7%), and other services (12.5%) which are all branded in Nigeria and can possibly improve the nation's economy at large. Based on the above findings, it is recommended that more tourism outlets need to be discovered and developed to accommodate more traders to emerge around tourism destinations.