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n South African Journal of Industrial Engineering - Failure effects and resolution of modes : a novel FMEA treatise for finalizing mould designs in foundries : case study

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Abstract

This paper proposes a novel strategy to finalize the mould design of a specific cast component through the failure analysis using case study data of a foundry. Traditional failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) is one of the effective tools for prioritizing the possible failure modes by calculating the Risk priority Number (RPN) of a process/design. But in foundries, prioritizing the failures through the traditional FMEA produces unmatched results when RPN values are identical during preproduction trials. Hence it is very difficult to finalize moulds design of a specific cast component using traditional FMEA approach. This research paper addresses an alternate FMEA approach named FEAROM (Failure Effects And Resolution of Modes) to resolve the difficulty in finalizing the mould designs. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is used for validating the results obtained using FEAROM method. The results presented are based on an experimental study carried out for a specific component in a foundry using the sand casting method. It is found that proposed FEAROM model matches well in practice and produces quality castings.

Hierdie artikel stel 'n nuwe strategie voor om die gietvormontwerp van 'n spesifieke gietstuk te finaliseer deur 'n gevallestudie van 'n falingsanalise van 'n smeltery. Tradisionele faal-en-effek-analise is een van die effektiewe hulpmiddels om die moontlike falings te prioritiseer deur die Risiko Prioriteitsnommer van 'n proses of ontwerp te bereken. In smelterye gee die prioritisering van faalings deur die Risiko Prioriteitsnommers onvergelykbare resultate wanneer die Risiko Prioriteitsnommers identies is tydens voorproduksieproewe. Gevolglik is dit baie moeilik om gietvormontwerpe van spesifieke gietstukke te finaliseer deur van die tradisionele faal-en-effek-analise benaderings gebruik te maak. Hierdie artikel stel 'n alternatiewe faal-en-effek-analise benadering voor, genaamd FEAROM ('Failure Effects And Resolution of Modes'), om die probleme met gietvormontwerpfinalisering aan te spreek. 'n Analitiese Hiërargieproses word gebruik om die resultate, met die FEAROM benadering bepaal, te valideer. Die resultate is gegrond op 'n gevallestudie van 'n spesifieke gietstuk in 'n smeltery wat gegiet is met die sandgietmetode. Daar word gevind dat die voorgestelde FEAROM model goed ooreenstem met die praktyk en hoë gehalte gietvorms as gevolg het.

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/content/indeng/24/2/EJC144207
2013-08-01
2016-12-05
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