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- Volume 6, Issue 2, 2004
South African Journal of Information Management - Volume 6, Issue 2, 2004
Volumes & issues
Volume 6, Issue 2, 2004
Author A. Van den BergSource: South African Journal of Information Management 6 (2004)More Less
The small business (SB) sector plays an extremely important role in the South African economy. Unfortunately, many small firms experience failure within the first three years of existence and face intensification of competition that requires increased productivity and flexibility. Information technology (IT) can be implemented into the SB environment to provide critical information, increase productivity, overcome failure and gain a competitive edge. Small firms have implemented IT to a relatively large degree, but it is not being utilized optimally within this environment. The design of an intervention that will enable the escalation of performance levels of the SB through the combination of effective management principles and a well-planned optimal use of IT is considered in this article. The intervention is a computerized system, which is based on a Microsoft Windows application development system that provides pre-formatted worksheets, to collect input from the users of the system and then facilitate the formulation of recommendations.
Author U. RivettSource: South African Journal of Information Management 6 (2004)More Less
In the last decades, the trend of actively promoting public transport over private car use in order to reduce traffic congestion and its costs has established itself worldwide. This positive development is often compounded by the fact that the use of public transport is for a number of reasons unattractive to most people who own private vehicles. As an attempt to remove the stigma attached to public transport and improve the services, most public transport service planners collect data on usage and location of facilities. Nowadays, most of the data are collected electronically, in digital format. This data, therefore, need to be effectively managed by the computer. An effective analysis of this data, which allows for the evaluation of public transport systems, is also required. This article highlights the development of a prototype spatial information system to assist in managing, analysing and manipulating this data. The database is designed using the object-relational model. A discussion of sample analyses that can be performed in the prototype is provided.
Author G. NelSource: South African Journal of Information Management 6 (2004)More Less
Until recently the printed hard copy format was the only alternative available for companies for the distribution of financial statements. However, various information technologies have developed over the past decade that can be used by companies to present their financial statements on the Internet. The purpose of the research was to try to determine the future use of information technologies by South African companies in the presentation of their financial statements on the Internet. Conclusions were based on past trends and current developments. Trends identified in South Africa were compared to trends in other countries. It was found that in all countries investigated, as in South Africa, the trend is to use more Portable Document Files (PDFs) and less documents in Hypertext Mark-up Language; PDF is, in fact, the most used format. The use of technologies such as Excel, Web casts and Interactive Financial Statements increased over the past two years, but none of the companies investigated in South Africa had implemented Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL), compared to a growing number of overseas companies. Factors limiting and supporting widespread XBRL adoption were evaluated. It is suggested that companies that ignore XBRL would be at a disadvantage compared to companies that use this technology in the future.
Bridging the digital divide : the role of universities in getting South Africa closer to the global information societyAuthor A.M. SinghSource: South African Journal of Information Management 6 (2004)More Less
The global information society (GIS) is a society that breaks all physical barriers and unites people across the globe with the power of information, intermediated by the Internet. In the GIS, all information is transparent and available to everyone. This scenario, however, is a utopian view, as there are millions of people who have no access to, and probably will not have access in their lifetime, to the global society. This article addresses the GIS and its benefits, it examines the negatives of the GIS, the obstacles to belonging to the GIS are discussed and finally, a way forward using tertiary institutions and their infrastructure is provided. A literature review was conducted to develop a theoretical framework for this article. A case study using the University of Durban Westville highlights some of the issues regarding the digital divide. The statistics for the case study are based on the findings of a previous study conducted at the University of Durban Westville in 2001. This study benefits academics in understanding the concepts of the GIS and the digital divide and their role in making the GIS in South Africa a reality, it also provides guidelines for the government in partnership with the private sector to develop the infrastructure for digital communication and information dissemination.
Author J.A. KokSource: South African Journal of Information Management 6 (2004)More Less
Creating a corporate culture where knowledge is valued and shared effectively is a challenge. Part of the solution could be for an enterprise to be aware of its specific corporate culture and how it influences its behaviour and attitude towards knowledge sharing. Because the employee's behaviour determines the sharing of knowledge, leadership has an important role to play and the enterprise could use various motivational practices to encourage knowledge sharing. Leadership should commit to creating an environment where employees are able to share, assess and experiment with new knowledge gained. The corporate intranet could be used as such an environment, but employees need to be trained to use their knowledge management tools, making it as easy as possible for employees to contribute to the enterprise knowledge base. The intranet is an essential part of the enterprise's knowledge management system. An intranet evaluation tool in the form of a questionnaire brought together the concepts of knowledge management, knowledge sharing cultures and intranet functionalities. The evaluation tool was applied to measure the effectiveness of a management consulting business's intranet in enhancing the enterprise's knowledge sharing culture.