Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal - Volume 13, Issue 2, 2014
Volume 13, Issue 2, 2014
Author C. ChipunzaSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 13 (2014)More Less
This edition of the in-house Interim Journal from the Faculty of Management Sciences is a huge stride in meeting the institutional goal of increased participation in research by academic staff members. It is indeed an honour that the faculty has managed to publish this edition which reflects, in broad, socioeconomic development focus. Specifically, the seven papers presented in this edition cover research in areas such as entrepreneurship, management, tourism, the scholarship of teaching and learning in management, and corporate governance.
Relationship between educational background of owners of smaller businesses and the practice of marketing research : case of hair salons in Dr R.S. Mompati district in North-West Province, South AfricaAuthor E.O. AmoakohSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 13, pp 1 –13 (2014)More Less
This exploratory study employed mainly quantitative and some elements of qualitative methods to analyse interview data emerged from both informal interviews and questionnaire on 280 salon operators. This study focused on the educational background of the owners of smaller businesses as a factor related to the engagement in the marketing research within hair salon business in Dr. R.S Mompati district in the North-West Province of South Africa. The findings revealed that even though majority of the operators did not engage in marketing research, those who collected information on certain marketing research activities may have been influenced by their educational background. Thus it is postulated that the higher the educational background, the more likely it is that hair salons conduct marketing research. The author discusses the implication of the findings for smaller businesses to engage in marketing research, the value of the study, recommendation for further research and limitations of the study.
Perceptions and knowledge of a selected group of organic consumers in Bloemfontein, Free State ProvinceSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 13, pp 14 –23 (2014)More Less
Organic agriculture is a production method that upholds the well-being of soil, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles tailored to local conditions. This descriptive study assessed the knowledge and perceptions of organic food consumers in Bloemfontein. A convenience sample of 60 consumers (male and female) was selected to participate in the study. A structured questionnaire was designed to obtain data at a local fresh-produce grocer. Most of the consumers showed positive and negative attitudes towards organic products. Most consumers had basic knowledge regarding organic products, but it also became evident that there was uncertainty surrounding facts of organic products, such as labelling standards. Only 12% of respondents interpreted the term "organic" correctly. Human health (86.67%) and environmental concerns (28.33%) were the key factors influencing consumer preference for organic food. Organic fruit and vegetables (45.37%) were the most popular purchased organic items amongst consumers. The majority of consumers (61.67%) stated that organic products are affordable. The results of the present study provided valuable insight into the knowledge, perceptions and attitudes of consumers towards organically grown foods. The general positive attitude of consumers can be attributed to consumers' basic knowledge of, and preference for, organic food. Despite the organic lifestyle being in the minority in this region, there continues to be a growing demand for organic products in Bloemfontein, and for this reason producers have ensured a continued supply of organic products.
Source: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 13, pp 24 –33 (2014)More Less
A significant amount of time and effort has to go into teaching students. It is no art when lecturers simply read from a text book. The objective of this study was to determine the teaching methods that students at the Hotel School, Central University of Technology, Free State, consider as most effective to support learning. All first-year students (N=73) enrolled for the National Diploma: Hospitality Management were targeted to participate in the survey. A mixed-method study design was followed, and a questionnaire consisting of closed- and open-ended questions was developed for data collection. Closed-ended questions were rated on a five-point Likert scale, while answers to open-ended questions were analysed to determine trends. Results showed that lecturers used a variety of teaching methods. The lecture teaching method was rated best by 49% of students followed by the group discussion method which was rated as second best (19%). Case studies and brainstorming were the least-preferred methods (4% and 0% respectively). Lecturers should ensure that maximum information is transferred through the teaching methods that most appeal to students. The focus should be on enabling students to practically apply the lessons taught in everyday life.
Source: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 13, pp 34 –46 (2014)More Less
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between job satisfaction and work ethics using participants from a South African and Zimbabwean University. 200 participants took part in the study. 60 academic and 40 non-academic members of staff were randomly drawn from each of two universities, one form each country. Significant correlations were reported between overall satisfaction and having a lot of money and investing it, working like a slave at everything one does until satisfaction, hard and succeeding, life meaningfulness and leisure time, leisure time interesting than work, and learning better on the job by striking out boldly on their own than by following the advice of others. Overall, a comparison between the South African and Zimbabwean group showed that the two groups differ on 25 out of the 65 variables with the South African group exhibiting higher mean scores.
Source: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 13, pp 47 –58 (2014)More Less
The contribution of tourism to the development of local regions is prolific, as it creates jobs and stimulates the economy (Lopez-Bonilla & Sanz-Altmira 2010; O'Sullivan & Jackson 2010; Saayman & Rossow 2011; Visser 2005). Events are an important motivation for tourists to travel. In this sense, there are three types of events: business events, sport events and festivals (Getz 2007). Festivals and festival tourism is a booming form of event tourism and the importance of festivals are recognized in both national and international spheres (Yang, Gu & Cen 2011). With this in mind, it is imperative that festival organisers have adequate information pertaining to the demographics and service delivery expectations of festival goers. The data for this investigation was collected during the 2013 Bloemfontein Vryfees and the findings report on the demographic composition of the festival goers and their service delivery expectations.
Author S. RamphomaSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 13, pp 59 –72 (2014)More Less
The aim of this article is to examine the concept of poverty in terms of definition, types, causes, determinants and indicators. The relationship between inequality and poverty is also visited. The absolute and relative approaches to the definition of poverty are examined. Poverty is defined as the inability of individuals or households to attain sufficient resources to satisfy a socially acceptable minimum standard of living. Characteristics which determine poverty include individual, community, household and regional characteristics. Lack of access to basic services such as dwelling, electricity, water and sanitation was found to aggravate poverty. Socio-economic factors such as unemployment, education level, gender, income and household size also affect poverty. Causes, determinants and types of poverty must first be understood before poverty can be alleviated. Poverty remains a problem in South Africa twenty years after the transition to democracy. This article is thus intended to provide the public, politicians and policy makers with a better understanding of the word "poverty" and, therefore, help alleviation of poverty.
The future audit of internet casinos (RSA) : analysis crucial to mitigating significant risk to the auditorAuthor G. Von BeneckeSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 13, pp 73 –87 (2014)More Less
This paper synthesises, as its primary aim, through an integrative literature review, a new perspective on two major implications of the proposed legalisation of internet casinos in South Africa, which is: the effect on the auditor's business risk as well as the effect on audit risk. As its secondary aim the paper argues that legalisation of internet casinos in South Africa is imminent and that relative to other business, heavy reliance will be placed on the external auditor to ensure the internet casinos' compliance with various laws. The relevance and application of an integrative literature review is motivated. International perspectives are applied to the South African context. The paper demonstrates the relationship between the concepts of the auditor's business risk and audit risk by establishing that the auditor's business risk flows from possible accountability that may stem from significant audit risk that is not addressed during the audit engagement. The paper argues that the operational context of an internet casino in South Africa will be relatively unique and that three interrelating factors will create significant audit risk. The three significant factors are shown to be going concern, regulatory and information technology impacts. Failure by the auditor to recognise and respond appropriately to this audit risk may lead to serious consequences for the practitioner which may include regulatory intervention, reputational based losses or litigation. The impact of the International Standards on Auditing in this context is explored throughout and it is concluded that adherence to these standards will sufficiently mitigate significant audit risk as well as the auditor's business risk.