Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal - Volume 3, Issue 2, 2004
Volume 3, Issue 2, 2004
Andragogy : a theoretical overview on learning theories that impact on benchmarking blended learning at the Central Univerity of Technology, Free StateSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 3, pp 1 –27 (2004)More Less
Blended learning has shown enormous growth worldwide during the last decade. Blended learning initiatives expanded rapidly, as technological improvement and a greater demand from learners arose as a result of the need for life-long learning and changing demands in the world of work. Many higher education institutions use blended learning as an alternative for or additional to conventional face-to-face education. The changing needs of learners, and especially adults, forced institutions to upgrade their traditional courses and increasingly make use of technologically enhanced courses. <br>The research problem encompasses the fact that the growth of blended learning poses many problems to higher education institutions, as the delivery by means of technology is complex. Many higher learning institutions were not prepared adequately to deliver education by using blended learning and did not have the required systems in place. The greatest concern was that staff was not familiar with the technology or its use and that the particular demands of staff arrangements to engage in blended learning programs were not taken into account. It appears that institutions did not plan or have systems and guidelines in place to implement programs at a distance using blended learning technology. Another concern was that most of the programs held traditional approaches and has not been adapted to suit the particular characteristics and needs of distance education by taking the planning, development and review of such programs into consideration. As part of ongoing research at the Central University of Technology, Free State appropriate research had to be undertaken. Consequently the following research question emanated from the research problem: <br>Within the context of higher education in South Africa, what framework underpinned by andragogy, national education policies and blended learning theory, will benchmark and support the implementation of blended learning at the Central University of Technology, Free State.
Author Gerrie J. BooysenSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 3, pp 28 –37 (2004)More Less
When a patient is intubated during anesthesia it is very important that the Endo-tracheal (ET) tube remains in the correct place. If the tube deviates from the correct position it can cause one or both lungs to collapse and can be fatal. <br>The idea behind the product was to design and manufacture a product that held an ET tube in place in a more secure manner than currently. It is common for an ET tube to move and or become dislodged due to various extraneous reasons. <br>As with any new product, there was uncertainty about the design. Traditionally this meant the manufacturing of a hard tool and determining the right design by trail and error. Hard tooling allows for some small changes to be made, but if the changes are radical a new tool will have to be designed and manufactured. Prototyping revolutionized this process by simplifying the development iteration process, which means changes can be made quicker and easier, the costs will be lowered and the time-to-market is shortened.
Source: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 3, pp 38 –66 (2004)More Less
The recruitment and retention of academic staff members is emerging as one of the biggest challenges facing all higher education institutions, including the Technikon Free State (TFS). The TFS is also faced with statutory requirements to increase the equity numbers at the institution. The aim of this article is to examine the academic staff problem at the TFS by means of a SWOT analysis and questionnaires, sent to all academic staff. The SWOT analysis was used to determine the current situation at the TFS, while the questionnaires provided valuable information in driving and restraining forces in managing academic staff issues. <br>The article is concluded with a list of recommendations that could assist management in the process of human resource planning.
Author Jeannet MolopyaneSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 3, pp 54 –62 (2004)More Less
The study conducted in this discussion document is intended to ensure a development of an integrated framework into the information literacy programme as offered by the Central University of Technology, Free state, to be able to observe the application of that framework and evaluate the output of the study. The framework deals with information interpretation, information application, information evaluation and new knowledge creation. The participants in the study are twenty learners from the Somatology programme. The constr uctive grounded theory seemed to be the most relevant since free interaction took place.
Author J.B. DuvenageSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 3, pp 67 –75 (2004)More Less
Managers who had lost the battle to keep unions out of their organizations focus lately on a better human relationship which leads to better working conditions. In any organization the human factor plays a very importanr role. Because of this management, began looking for new ways of handling employees. In business management, the business enterprise is an instrument of the business world. A business is establishing and manage by one or more people to satisfy consumer needs, wants and demands. In this article the focus is on "management styles for the new millennium".
Author Tryna EdwardsSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 3, pp 87 –96 (2004)More Less
Higher education institutions find themselves on the brink of a completely transformed educational scene. However higher education institutions are also influenced by international trends in higher education and these influences impact on the roles of the educators and students. In pursuit of quality, academics and students must be continuously engaged in a process of finding opportunities for improving the teaching and learning process, the quality of the learning experience and the way it is delivered and assess. The focus in this paper will be on quality assurance of student learning, but with a special focus, on quality assessments as used in the module Public Human Resource Management III at the Central University of Technology Free State. The purpose of this article is to investigate to what extent a group of 87 third year students according to their own perceptions attach value to the assessment methods (selfassessments, assignment and formal test) associated with the critical outcomes of the Public Human Resource Management III Module.
How responsive are South African higher education institutions to regional needs? The case of the Free StateSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 3, pp 97 –113 (2004)More Less
South Africa higher education institutions are faced with a dual imperative: they are expected to become globally competitive and to deliver programmes, research outputs and community services that are accepted by the global higher education community. On the other hand, they experience increasing demands from government and local communities to become responsive to the social, economical and political needs of mostly under-developed domestic societies. While the imperatives for transformation in higher education derive in large measure from South Africa's apartheid history, they also form part of a global quest for change as throughout the world higher education systems are being challenged to become more responsive to society's needs (Perold 1998:28-29). Obviously, this is even more so in developing countries where the nature of society, social, economic and educational needs are extensive. <br>The main purpose of this research was to establish whether and how higher institutions are responding to regional needs. For this purpose two higher education institutions in the Free State province were targeted and an analysis was done of their three year rolling plans as these plans indicates, amongst others, how institutions are positionising themselves in their regions.
Source: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 3, pp 114 –122 (2004)More Less
Batteries powering RF transmitters have a generally short life span. Extending this life span, to and beyond 10 years while using a lightweight lithium coin cell, will result in an easy to use semi permanent installation. Through the use of a supercapacitor and intelligent boost regulator, current will be drained from the battery without reducing the total battery capacity.
Source: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 3, pp 157 –165 (2004)More Less
A typical example how quasi academics and politicians prefer to use HEIS success ratesis the term "throughput" which is remarkably similar to the conveyer belt syndrome of a factory. This kind of terminology, based on input and output jargon tends to create the "revolving door" for learners to move through as fast as they can. This often contributes to the unnecessary failure rate of learners who are still in the articulation phase. Whether it is vertical or horizontal articulation or mobility from one institution to another, these ambitions clash with the term "throughput". It merely becomes another direction for the "revolving door" phenomenon to take. <br>Academic pass rates, achievement and lifelong learning are eminently more suitable for investigation. The real causes of failure rates and the factors that affect learner success may be discovered. It may also lead to enhancing learner successes by redesigning institutional management styles. The learner should not be regarded as an industrial product but as a human being. In this regard, therefore, it is a first priority to investigate how learners cope with academic failure, especially those learners who were previously disadvantaged in developing countries. Finally, it is not fair to discriminate against learners by characterising them as "at risk" but, instead, it may be more correct to refer to risk courses such as mathematics, science and technology. <br>It is so often debated in conferences all over the world that HEIS cannot willy-nilly adapt industrial approaches to monitor course delivery in their quality assurance evaluations. In short, universities are not factories. One good example is staff-learner ratios. How does one analyse the so called throughput for a science lecturer vis-à-vis a ceramic arts teacher? The philosophical debate around the world to extend the theory and practice of academic development has shown that it is far too complex to compare numerical output and statistical figures only.
Source: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 3, pp 166 –185 (2004)More Less
When considering various holiday destinations, tourists rely heavily upon the image of a particular destination. Given a much wider choice and greater variety of destinations, tourists today are likely to favour holidays that offer the fullest realisation of their personal needs and value for money. Having a good product alone is simply not good enough in a competitive market, therefore the motives, expectations and needs of tourists must be taken into consideration. A holiday has become a major consumable as a prerequisite for modern living and has in the process become a marker of status. This is the reason why the image of a holiday destination is a critical factor when developing a destination. Whether or not the image is in fact a true representation of what the destination has to offer the tourist or not, is of secondary importance. What is important is the image that exists in the mind of the consumer.
Author Gift VingerSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 3, pp 186 –203 (2004)More Less
This paper critically reviews the adequacy of five behaviour-oriented organisational change models. First, three textbooks models, viz. Lewin's three phase change model, Action Research Model, and Contemporary Adaptations to Action Research; second, Contingency models, and third, the Contextualist model are critically reviewed. The review is aimed at ascertaining their adequacy in explaining the Large Scale Organisational Change (LSOC) in the South African Higher Education (HE) sector. This LSOC is manifested in the form of mergers and incorporations among institutions of higher learning as legislated in the Higher Education Act of 1997. The review reveals that the textbook and contingency models are inadequate in addressing the question of LSOC in the HE sector as they are ahistorical, acontextual, and aprocessual in character. An argument is presented that the contextualist approach is adequate in addressing the problem because it takes into account the historical, contextual, and processual nature of change. A paradigm shift is recommended where there should be some significant departure from reliance on textbook models, particularly Lewin's three phase change model, and contingency models, to a contextualist model.