Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal - Volume 6, Issue 1, 2007
Volume 6, Issue 1, 2007
Challenges for mid-level commanders in the South African National Defence Force : management model and training needsAuthor A. GeldenhuysSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 6, pp 1 –15 (2007)More Less
The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 (Act 108 of 1996) and conclusive Acts record that effective human-resource management, career-development and training practices must be cultivated to maximise human potential. The unique nature and wide range of activities of the South African National Defence Force assign exceptional demands on the management expertise of military commanders. Therefore, the importance of effective training and for the purpose of this article, effective management training for mid-level commanders is indisputable. Against this background, a new management model is presented and the resulting training needs are empirically investigated in this article. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in the survey, targeted 165 mid-level commanders in the South African National Defence Force. The empirical results of the study suggested that the existing management training for mid-level commanders fails to meet expectations primarily because of the non-existence of an appropriate management model. Thus, the article present a contemporary management model as foundation for management training of mid-level commanders in the South African National Defence Force. The management model also sanctions applicable standards for the development of management skills and appropriate competencies of military commanders.
The application of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in speeding up the flow of materials in an industrial manufacturing processSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 6, pp 16 –23 (2007)More Less
RFID can work in conjunction with sensors in material handling especially on a conveyor belt. A dozen different graded tagged products can be picked up by the RFID system in real-time and transported to respective chutes into automatic guided vehicles (AGV) for transportation to specific storage locations. The development of this system is now at an advanced stage. Our predictions to date show that the application of RFID in material handling in a manufacturing environment can assist in the fast flow of components throughout the assembly line beyond what available systems can do.
Author L. De JagerSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 6, pp 24 –36 (2007)More Less
According to Wills reflexology entails the division of the body into ten zones, concentrating on the pressure points on the feet, with each foot representing five zones (2006: Online). Colour therapy uses the vibrational frequencies of colour to restore the client's health. Colour zone therapy on the other hand, is a combination of reflexology and colour therapy. Zone refers to the working of key points on the feet, where colour refers to the assessment of the condition and treating it with the correct colour's frequency (Gimbel, 1993: 2-3). Reflexology uses a physical stimulus and colour therapy, emotional stimulus, thus colour zone therapy addresses both. In this study the researcher's objective was to investigate treatments with reflexology compared with treatments of colour zone therapy, by treating chronic sinusitis to explore the influence of colour on the outcome of reflexology treatments. Ten chronic sinusitis-suffering clients were treated with reflexology in a white cubicle. Another ten clients were treated with colour zone therapy (thus colour therapy as well as reflexology). They had indigo coloured paper in their hands. Results were obtained as case studies, with clients reporting how they felt before and after each treatment. Each client received five treatments. The results indicated that the reflexology clients did experience an improvement after the fourth treatment. By the fifth treatment three of the ten clients had discharged some mucus. However, clients treated with colour zone therapy showed results after the second treatment. At the fourth treatment, already seven of the ten colour zone therapy clients had discharged a large amount of mucus. This concludes that treating a condition with colour, in combination with another treatment provides better and quicker results.
The implementation of Technology Education in Secondary Schools in the urban areas of the Free State ProvinceAuthor J.H. HeymansSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 6, pp 37 –45 (2007)More Less
South Africa has had no formal subject known as Technology Education in its schools until the introduction of Curriculum 2005. The introduction of Curriculum 2005 meant that educators at schools were caught unprepared, as they had to teach a subject that most were not conversant with. The purpose of this study was to determine how successful the introduction of Technology Education (in Secondary Schools in the Free State Province urban areas) was, how the subject is being taught and what problems are experienced. Furthermore, the study aimed to investigate the perceptions of educators of Technology Education, their training to present the subject and whether schools are equipped and resourced to present the subject effectively. The approach was mainly qualitative and nonexperimental research was conducted. The population (schools) were selected by means of cluster sampling and the sample (Technology educators) by means of simple random sampling. Data were collected by means of questionnaires and structured interviews. From an international perspective the investigation revealed that the way in which Technology Education has been organised differs from country to country, but that they had similar experiences and problems when they introduced the subject for the first time. The investigation revealed that a low percentage of educators feel that the implementation of Technology Education was successful and that schools were ready for the implementation. Furthermore a need exists for specialised trained teachers, appropriate equipment and physical facilities to present Technology Education. The study further revealed that a high percentage of educators feel that the subject Technology Education does have a place in the Further Education and Training sector.
Author J.H. KleynhansSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 6, pp 46 –53 (2007)More Less
The main objective of this paper is to point out the crucial role that colour plays in human perception of stimuli, and how we may use this information to promote and enhance our communicational objectives. If we can educate consumers to use colour codes at the point of purchase, we will assist them to make the best purchasing decision and in the end save the consumer money.
The impact of HIV and AIDS on education as perceived by secondary school learners in Masilonyana District in the Free State ProvinceAuthor A.M. RambudaSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 6, pp 54 –67 (2007)More Less
This paper reports on secondary school learners' perceptions of the impact of human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV and AIDS) on education. A questionnaire on the impact of HIV and AIDS on education was constructed and it was content validated against the theoretical assumptions supported by the literature on HIV and AIDS. Empirical investigation and findings reveal that learners perceive that HIV and AIDS have impact on educators, on learners themselves, on school environment, and on school enrolments and performance.
Source: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 6, pp 68 –82 (2007)More Less
While the adoption rate of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology is increasing, mass-market adoption will not be achieved until a few major challenges are addressed. These challenges are: privacy, security and costs from the end-user's view point and limited power supply to the tag from the engineering perspective. We discuss the research efforts aimed at addressing these challenges. We focus our attention on research in: RFID privacy and security, antennas, polymer electronics-based RFID devices, power management circuits and techniques, and efficient RF spectrum utilization. We conclude by drawing attention to three additional areas that we believe are in need of more research.
Author T.M. Van NiekerkSource: Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal 6, pp 83 –92 (2007)More Less
The problem statement to be proposed in this article is that student employability suffers as a result of the fact that students do not make use of the available employment skills training, offered by the CUT, which will enable them to present themselves in a professional manner to prospective employers when entering the labour market. Certain suggestions will be offered in this publication of how the CUT could go about creating opportunities for students to enable them to successfully enter the labour market, after the completion of their studies.