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- Volume 14, Issue 1, 2014
Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology - Volume 14, Issue 1, 2014
Volumes & issues
Volume 14, Issue 1, 2014
Author Peter ErlandsonSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 14, pp 1 –11 (2014)More Less
For the last decade, reflection has been a major theme in discussions about professional skilfulness and the development of the competence of practitioners such as nurses and teachers. The intellectual pattern that has structured ambitions in relation to reflection is found mainly in Schön's (1983) The Reflective Practitioner and the epistemological turn suggested there. In this text, however, I focus on a dimension that is often forgotten when professional practitioners are conceived of as being reflective, namely, perception. From the framework of Merlau-Ponty, I argue that Schön's theoretical account is highly problematic and that perception is the key to shaping practitioners' skilfulness.
A phenomenological case study of the therapeutic impact of imagery : rescripting of memories of a rape and episodes of childhood abuse and neglectSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 14, pp 1 –16 (2014)More Less
This is a systematic case study of the assessment and treatment of Anna (43), a woman presenting with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following a drug-facilitated sexual assault that occurred over twenty years earlier. She was also diagnosed with avoidant personality disorder. Treatment with cognitive therapy for PTSD and social phobia was supplemented by imagery rescripting (IR) of memories of childhood trauma within a schema therapy approach. The study document how her intrusive memories of the rape were potentiated by early maladaptive schemas that developed in response to abusive and neglectful parenting. Within a broader narrative, three examples of IR are described which show how, as an emotion-focused intervention, this approach discloses deeper memories and emotional states that are distressing and traumatic and allows them to be transformed through a healing process that is organic and displays what Bohart and Tallman (2011) call "self-organizing wisdom."
Author Melissa CardSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 14, pp 1 –9 (2014)More Less
The experience of being a therapist can be both gratifying and frustrating at the same time. This article takes the form of a psychoanalytical formulation of the process of therapy and parental feedback sessions conducted with an adolescent diagnosed with bulimia nervosa. It also incorporates the therapist's experience of being in the room with both the patient and the patient's parents. This expression of the experiences of both the therapist and patient are brought to life by psychoanalytical theory and phenomenological experience. A phenomenological exploration of experiences allows for the transcendence of conventional investigative research settings as "interpretive phenomenological research cannot be separated from the textual practice of writing" (Fortune, 2009). This article could constitute a protocol as it captures unique data from a setting that is often not easily accessed, and provides data and insights from the perspective of the therapist, which are not often expressed.
Author Jean-Francois SobieckiSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 14, pp 1 –11 (2014)More Less
Traditional African medicine often carries with it a perception and stigma of being irrational and ungrounded in scientific method in academia. One reason for this common prejudicial view of traditional African medicine is the failure to effectively interpret African traditional medicine concepts, as these are often metaphorical descriptions of the biological and psychological effects of plants or combinations of them used in the traditional medicine preparations. When translated into other languages such as English, these metaphorical descriptions of medicinal plant use can seem to incorrectly reflect mysticism and/or superstition with no scientific basis. This difficulty in interpreting cultural descriptions of medical phenomena, together with the fact that there are hardly and academic papers engaging the science of South African traditional medicine in the biological sciences, is an indication of the disconnection between the humanities studies and the biomedical studies of South African traditional medicine. This paper investigates some popular examples of spiritual plant use in traditional South African medicine using phytopharmacological studies together with anthropological fieldwork methods, demonstrating the empirical basis for use of some plants in divination (by producing clarity of thought or dreams). The examples also reveal the phytochemical and biomedical foundations of the South Bantu speaking traditional healers' explanations of why and how various spiritually used plants have medicinal value. The challenge for scientists (such as botanists) is to effectively translate and interpret cultural and language based descriptions of spiritual medicinal plant use made by indigenous peoples while recognizing and discarding cultural prejudices that prevent a more comprehensive and integrated understanding of the science that intersects and forms the basis of many, though not all, cultural healing practices.
Author Graham Du PlessisSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 14, pp 1 –3 (2014)More Less
Dr Eugene DeRobertis is an internationally renowned researcher and academic who describes his academic interests as existential-phenomenological, humanistic, hermeneutic, personalistic, diagogal and somewhat neo-Thomistic. An author of numerous papers and books, Dr DeRobertis' work reflects his overarching academic concern with the increasing legitimisation of holistic perspectives in psychology. In his work, Existential-Phenomenological Psychology: A Brief Introduction, he facilitates a concise outline of existential-phenomenological psychology designed to serve as an initial acquaintance with the language and fundamental ideas of an existential-phenomenological approach to psychology.
Author Christopher R. StonesSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 14, pp 1 –2 (2014)More Less
This first edition of 2014 comprises five papers plus the usual book review and, as in previous editions, the authorship is characterised by an international flavour with authors from Sweden, South Africa and the USA. The scholarly topics range from a philosophical engagement with the notion of the centrality of 'perception' rather than 'reflection' in the activity of skilful professional practice, through to the therapeutic use of imagery in supportive counselling contexts as well as the interesting notion that there is an appropriate and effective role in therapy for the therapist's experience to be made explicit within a client-centered context. There is also a paper arguing that creativity is not simply a matter of will and discipline but instead requires receptivity and openness and, moreover, that these elements should be the hallmarks of all good research, while the final paper is an exploration of the crucial intersection of culture and science in traditional medicine books.