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- Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 4, Issue 1, 2004
Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology - Volume 4, Issue 1, 2004
Volumes & issues
Volume 4, Issue 1, 2004
Is this the turning point? Qualitative Research in Psychology : Expanding perspectives in methodology and design, edited by Paul M. Camic, Jean E. Rhodes and Lucy Yardley : book reviewAuthor Rex Van VuurenSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 4, pp 1 –11 (2004)More Less
Author Hennie Van der MeschtSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 4, pp 1 –16 (2004)More Less
From "the things themselves" to a "feeling of understanding" : finding different voices in phenomenological researchAuthor Peter WillisSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 4, pp 1 –13 (2004)More Less
This paper explores some of the ways in which phenomenological approaches have been linked to contemporary social science inquiry into human ways of knowing and learning in the fields of education and nursing research. It then looks at four contemporary approaches which draw on phenomenology namely: distinguishing imaginal from rational/logical knowing as an alternative and complementary mode of knowing; using 'arts based' or 'expressive' approaches to inquiry; developing hermeneutic text making to present research findings and using heuristics in a cyclical approach to understanding forms of human experience. The suggestion is that these approaches could be enriched and deepened by a more explicit exploration of phenomenological approaches and that conversely, some of forms of phenomenological research might be enriched by the use of these approaches.
Atmosphere, a precursor of "cognitive schemas" : tracing tacit phenomenological influences on cognitive behaviour therapyAuthor Rodrigo BecerraSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 4, pp 1 –13 (2004)More Less
Whilst individuals deal with divergent sorts of stimuli from the environment, they also tend to display some regularity in the way they respond to related patterns. These consistent responses can be conceptualised as cognitive schemas. A paramount component of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is the notion of cognitive schemas as they are a favoured point of therapeutic intervention. CBT as articulated by Beck in the 1960s owes intellectual acknowledgment to Merleau-Ponty and Heidegger and their notions of ""atmosphere"" and ""clearing"" respectively. This essay explores the notion of cognitive schema and atmosphere as applied to emotional pathology. It suggests that the well-known influence that phenomenology had on existential psychology could be extended to empirical clinical psychology, like CBT. The strategy adopted in this paper is to use Dreyfus' ontological and epistemological distinction in psychopathology and then make a similar distinction, albeit using different terminology, in the CBT tradition. Some empirical findings from the literature are examined which render support to the existence of cognitive schemas and their crucial contributory role in the aetiology and maintenance of emotional disorders. It is noted that some of the features of these cognitive schemas were espoused well before Beck by Merleau-Ponty and the phenomenological-existential tradition.
Author Les TodresSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 4, pp 1 –12 (2004)More Less
This article develops an existential perspective on what has been called 'narcissism'. Using both the psychoanalytic tradition and the literary myth of Narcissus as 'touchstones', it unfolds a view of existential dilemmas and possibilities that are announced by this discourse. As such, it seeks to clarify the existential task of embodying human vulnerability - a journey that is potentially the source and depth of human compassion. With the help of the perspectives of A. H. Almaas and Eugene Gendlin, the phenomenon of 'soulful space' is named, and pursued in both logical and evocative ways. 'Soulful space' is articulated as an existential achievement and an alternative response to the call of Narcissus: an embodiment of both vulnerability and freedom; a freedom-wound that grounds interpersonal empathy and openness.
Author Anita SinnerSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 4, pp 1 –15 (2004)More Less
An in-depth analysis of the post-secondary learning experiences of three women revealed that their decisions to participate in college and university courses in Canada were interconnected with lived experiences of chronic pain. A causal link between chronic pain and returning to learning was an unexpected outcome of a study focusing on women's learning experiences in post-secondary institutions. Each woman in this study learned to cope with and adapt to her chronic pain, and over time, returned to learning to undertake new areas of study to accommodate a redefinition of self based on chronic pain. Eventually chronic pain became a conduit to more positive experiences of learning and reflection. The role and meaning of chronic pain in the learning equation represents a blind spot in the existing educational literature and it is through such indepth, descriptionptive stories of participants that we learn how this invisible barrier may influence the learning decisions of women.
Patients' experience of the external therapeutic application of ginger by anthroposophically trained nursesAuthor Patricia SherwoodSource: Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 4, pp 1 –11 (2004)More Less
There has been considerable public debate on a range of complementary health practices throughout the western world, perhaps especially in Australia, United States and Europe. Most often, the research critique of these practices is restricted to quantitative or non-user qualitative research methodologies. Consequently, there is a significant gap in the research profile of complementary health services that needs to be addressed particularly in view of the rapid and ongoing increase in the use of complementary services, even in the face of sometimes adverse media publicity. This paper demonstrates the contribution that phenomenologicallybased research can make to fill this lacuna by explicating, in detail, the client experience of a complementary health practice. The paper explores patient experience of a ginger compress, as applied by anthroposophically trained nurses, to demonstrate various therapeutic effects. Four key themes emerged including an increase in warmth and internal activity in the major organs of the body, changes in thought-life and sensory perception along with a greater sense of well-being and self-focus with the perception of clearer personal boundaries. These themes, emerging from a patient sample in New Zealand, compared favourably to the Filderklinik Study completed in 1992 in a large German state hospital.