n African Security Review - The African Mission in Sudan : Darfur dilemmas : feature

Volume 15, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1024-6029
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For much of the past two years, the African Union Mission in Sudan &lt;i&gt;(AMIS)&lt;/i&gt; has managed to achieve a semblance of stability in much of Darfur, which has been refl ected in the improvement of humanitarian conditions. At the same time, the mission has come under serious international pressure to respond appropriately to the deteriorating security situation on the ground by enhancing its presence and effectiveness. Subsequently, following the decisions of the &lt;i&gt;AU&lt;/i&gt; Peace and Security Council <i>(PSC), AMIS&lt;/i&gt; has undertaken two successive enhancements. Although the last enhancement exercise was remarkably successful, it could not be considered complete without the provision of the outstanding personnel and logistics by both member countries and the international partners. Meanwhile, serious challenges continue to undermine the mission's effectiveness and its prospects, not the least of these obstacles being adequate funding. At present, the mission is in a dilemma with respect to its mandate, engaging with the parties, partners, implementation of the N'Djamena Humanitarian Ceasefi re Agreement <i>(HCFA), &lt;/i&gt; and the way forward, as the AU is now almost totally dependent on external donations to sustain its Darfur operations. This article therefore explores the way forward in all these thematic areas in order to make appropriate recommendations.

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