n African Security Review - Historical duty or pragmatic interest? notes on EU and AU security issues : commentaries

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After the decolonisation process had been started, and the Organisation of African Unity was established, some African and European states were searching for the possibility of cooperation. In 1963 the member states of the European Economic Community (including the European Coal and Steel Community), and some African states signed the so-called Convention of Association in Yaoundé. The Yaoundé system was replaced by the Lomé Convention in 1975, because of British accession to the EEC. The Lomé process brought some new elements relating to Euro-African cooperation, for instance the two export-stabilising systems called Stabex and Sysmin, or the question of food security. The Lomé Conventions were in force until 2000, but because of pressure of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) (and the USA), the Lomé system was substituted by the Cotonou Agreement in the same year. The foundation of the African Union in 2000-2001 enabled the European Union to treat its southern neighbour as an equal


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