n African Security Review - The potential of nonviolence in building security in sub-Saharan Africa : essays

Volume 17, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1024-6029
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This article commences by examining the nature and extent of armed conflict in Africa and the meaning of some key terms from the discipline of peace studies. It then examines two main questions. First, is a national policy of nonviolence possible? Attention is paid to successful examples of demilitarisation from Central America, particularly Costa Rica, which illustrate that such a policy is both practical and highly beneficial. Second, can nonviolence bring about social change? Contrary to popular belief, the military has a poor track record in dealing with disputes while nonviolent campaigns have achieved a great deal by way of sustained social change. The article concludes by suggesting practical ways in which nonviolence can be promoted.

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