African Security Review - Volume 18, Issue 2, 2009
Volume 18, Issue 2, 2009
Source: African Security Review 18, pp VI –VIII (2009)More Less
Peacebuilding : imperialism's new disguise? Constanze Schellhaas and Annette Seegers : feature
Towards a sustainable peace and reconciliation in Côte d'Ivoire, Bernard N. Owusu-Sekyere : feature
Niger Delta militancy and the challenge of criminalising terrorism in Nigeria, Isaac Terwase Sampson : feature
People-to-people peacemaking and peacebuilding : A review of the work of the New Sudan Council of Churches, Titus Agwanda and Geoff Harris : feature
The potential impact of HIV / AIDS on the South African armed forces : some evidence from outside and within, Lindy Heinecken : essay
Arms restraint and regional international law making : the case of the Economic Community of West African States, Denise Garcia : essay
Enhancing counterterrorism cooperation in eastern Africa, Eric Rosand, Alistair Millar and Jason Ipe : essay
The scramble for mineral resources in Cameroon : how can the government learn from previous conflicts and social responsibility failures? Rexon T. Nting : commentaries
Source: African Security Review 18, pp 2 –15 (2009)More Less
Since the early 1990s a growing emphasis on peacebuilding has marked the international community's responses to conflicts. Supporters of peacebuilding have promoted it as a new international idea, usually tracing it back to then United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali's An Agenda for Peace in 1992 in which he proposes responsibilities and responses for the UN and the international community. Peacebuilding is expressed in different forms - a set of policies, a humanitarian agenda, or a way of conflict resolution - but all involve the idea of efforts made to prevent a relapse into conflict.
Author Bernard N. Owusu-SekyereSource: African Security Review 18, pp 16 –27 (2009)More Less
This article considers the need for a truth and reconciliation commission (TRC) in post-conflict Côte d'Ivoire similar to that established by South Africa after the collapse of apartheid to deal with past violations of human rights and to help recreate trust in South African society and that established in Sierra Leone, which was based on the Lomé Peace Agreement and jointly signed by the Sierra Leone government and rebel parties in July 1999 to deal with war injustices and heal the rift in society caused by the atrocities committed during the war. The Sierra Leone TRC also contributed to a national vision as a unifying goal for the country's future.
Author Isaac Terwase SampsonSource: African Security Review 18, pp 28 –41 (2009)More Less
The Niger Delta region covers an area of about 75 000 km2 in landmass and is located in the southernmost region of Nigeria. It is Africa's and the world's third largest mangrove grove, one of the world's biggest freshwater swamps and Nigeria's most bio-diverse area. The Niger Delta is home to over 30 million people who live in about 13 400 aboriginal communities, mainly farmers and coastal fishermen, and belong to over 40 ethnic groups. The region has an estimated 40 billion barrels in oil reserves in addition to its enormous wealth in forest and water resources. The Niger Delta region is of critical geostrategic importance in the global energy equation and for national economic survival. In 2002 Nigeria was the fifth largest supplier of crude oil to the United States, with exports averaging nearly 600 000 barrels per day. This figure trebled by 2006 before the upsurge of militancy in the region.
People-to-people peacemaking and peacebuilding : a review of the work of the New Sudan Council of Churches : featureSource: African Security Review 18, pp 42 –52 (2009)More Less
Author David ZounmenouSource: African Security Review 18, pp 54 –57 (2009)More Less
Within the next two years Ghana will join the ranks of the oil-producing states. Although this development could lay the foundation for sustainable socioeconomic development to underpin the country's progress in its national democratisation process, it also raises certain fears and concerns. Depending upon how Ghana's leaders use their good fortune the country could either become one of the wealthiest and most stable democracies in Africa, or remain poor and aid dependent. The question in some minds is whether Ghana's government will manage an oil boom any better than the other resources it already possesses. The current political context and achievements in the establishment of an effective system of governance may allow for cautious optimism.
The potential impact of HIV/AIDS on the South African armed forces : some evidence from outside and within : essayAuthor Lindy HeineckenSource: African Security Review 18, pp 60 –77 (2009)More Less
The purpose of this article is to provide some factual base from which to uncover the long-term impact this disease may have on the organisational and operational capacity of the South African armed forces, which at present is still the leading military power in the region.
Arms restraint and regional international law making : the case of the Economic Community of West African States : essaysAuthor Denise GarciaSource: African Security Review 18, pp 78 –92 (2009)More Less
Former President Alpha Oumar Konaré of Mali asked the UN Secretary-General to send a mission to Mali in 1993 to assess the situation caused by the widespread availability of weapons in that country. This historic visit gave rise to a series of national, regional and international efforts to contain arms proliferation.
Source: African Security Review 18, pp 93 –106 (2009)More Less
The Executive Secretary of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) recently noted that 'due to its geographical location, persistence of conflict, absence of state structures, despair from the loss of hope and the growth of extremism, the IGAD region is considered to be the most vulnerable to terrorism of all regions in sub-Saharan Africa'. While innovative collaborative efforts among eastern African states, external donors, and civil society through the establishment of the IGAD's Capacity Building Programme against Terrorism (ICPAT) are making significant strides toward the development of a coherent approach to counterterrorism capacity building in the subregion, significant challenges to effective cooperative action in eastern Africa remain.
The scramble for mineral resources in Cameroon : how can the government learn from previous conflicts and social responsibility failures? : commentaryAuthor Rexon T. NtingSource: African Security Review 18, pp 108 –115 (2009)More Less
The objective of this commentary is to reflect on conflicts linked to social responsibility (SR) failures and propose suggestions for the efficient management of Cameroon's mineral resources. The argument put forward is that a rigorous evaluation of the reasons for the failures of SR in Africa can assist in the establishment of proper accountability in the management of revenues generated by mineral exploitation. This will in turn have a positive influence on tension and promote the nation's socioeconomic development.
Author Mxolisi MakinanaSource: African Security Review 18, pp 116 –122 (2009)More Less
The question is: Why is this exaggerated importance of an individual in politics allowed? The solution is that individual importance should be demystified by means of an objective political analysis by which the personality and charisma of the individual are situated within the political process.
Author John W. ForjeSource: African Security Review 18, pp 124 –128 (2009)More Less
Author Percyslage ChigoraSource: African Security Review 18, pp 129 –131 (2009)More Less