SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2003, Issue 5, 2003
Volumes & issues
Volume 2003, Issue 5, 2003
Author Martin SchonteichSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 1 –6 (2003)More Less
As yet largely unrecognised by South African criminal justice policy makers, HIV / AIDS could significantly impact on the country's criminal justice system agencies, especially the police. South Africa's HIV / AIDS epidemic is likely to result in a change in the demand for the quantity and complexity of services required of the South African Police Service. Simultaneously, the capacity of the police to deliver an adequate service will be undermined as an increasing number of police officers succumb to the epidemic.
Author Gary KynochSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 7 –10 (2003)More Less
Iconic images, such as the photograph of Hector Petersen, the thirteen year old boy shot by police in 1976 at the onset of the Soweto uprising, serve as powerful reminders of the brutality of apartheid. The National Party regime marked a time of great suffering for black South Africans. Televised images of white police beating and shooting black protestors exposed the racist violence of apartheid to the world. Steve Biko's murder in police custody, popularised in the west by the movie <I>Cry Freedom</I>, was further emblematic of the apartheid regime. As a student in Canada at the time, the writer of this article was greatly influenced by these events and images, and subsequently spent several years in South Africa conducting research on crime, social conflict and policing. This article concentrates on the relationship between personal security and the concept of 'apartheid nostalgia', not among white diehards, but among residents of Soweto.
Author Ted LeggettSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 11 –14 (2003)More Less
Figures that suggest that only six out of every 100 violent crimes recorded by the South African Police Service result in a conviction are cause for concern. But every country experiences a 'sieve effect' - most reported crimes never even make it to court. Comparing South Africa's success rates to those of England and the United States suggests that the country's criminal justice system is not as dysfunctional as one might think.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 15 –21 (2003)More Less
Meadowlands is one of the only suburbs in Soweto that does not include any informal or squatter areas in its boundaries, and in terms of length of tenure, has a relatively stable population. Yet crime in the area is on the increase, and rates of burglary, robbery and assault are high. Contrary to popular perception, crime here is not committed by foreigners or by people from other parts of Soweto or Johannesburg. Rather, victims and nonvictims alike believe that crimes are committed by people living in Meadowlands - largely young people and the unemployed.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 23 –28 (2003)More Less
The Meadowlands police are faced with a disproportionate lack of resources and staff. In the meantime the people of Meadowlands experience high levels of crime that fuel a lack of faith in the police and perceptions of poor police performance. The police are seen as lazy, corrupt, and unwilling to venture into certain areas. The SAPS needs to determine whether these perceptions are justified, and whether there are simply insufficient resources at the station to meet the community's demands. Yet, despite the constraints facing the police, public interactions with the SAPS do in some instances result in improved perceptions of the local police. The community also sees the police as the first port of call in times of trouble.
Author Sibusiso MasukuSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 29 –35 (2003)More Less
Just like most cities in South Africa, the Nelson Mandela Metro, which comprises the former Port Elizabeth, Despatch and Uitenhage municipalities, faces serious challenges in its efforts to address crime. A victim survey and analysis of police crime statistics conducted by the ISS indicate that there are high rates of property crime, violent crime and robbery in the metro. Although these are spread out, some communities are more affected by certain crime types than others. It is imperative that the municipality makes a strategic decision about areas of focus, which crime types to deal with first, and about appropriate and effective crime reduction interventions linked to service delivery.