SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2004, Issue 9, 2004
Volumes & issues
Volume 2004, Issue 9, 2004
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2004, pp 1 –5 (2004)More Less
South Africa is a signatory to the United Nations Protocol on Trafficking in Persons, and is likely to draft legislation on the topic soon. But the extent of the problem in South Africa is unclear, and the offences involved in trafficking are punishable under current law. To avoid unintended consequences, care is needed in drafting a new law in this area.
Author Bronwyn PitheySource: SA Crime Quarterly 2004, pp 7 –10 (2004)More Less
South Africa seems well on the way to creating specialised human trafficking legislation. The country is a signatory to the United Nations Protocol on Trafficking in Persons, and the SA Law Reform Commission is investigating the issue of trafficking. But there are many legal provisions currently available for prosecuting those engaging in this practice. Perhaps a greater challenge for the prosecution is how to identify acts that constitute 'trafficking in persons'.
Author Hennie Van VuurenSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2004, pp 11 –16 (2004)More Less
Although grand corruption like that associated with the arms deal, receives most media attention, petty corruption can be as damaging if left unchecked. According to the ISS 2003 National Victims of Crime survey, petty corruption was the second most prevalent crime in the country after housebreaking. Of most concern is that many citizens do not know how to report corruption, do not believe that doing so will change anything, and, despite good whistleblower provisions, are afraid of the consequences if they do report.
Author Boyane TshehlaSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2004, pp 17 –20 (2004)More Less
Gauteng has most of the country's enclosed neighbourhoods. The province is also ahead in its enactment of policy and legislation to regulate the restriction of access to public spaces for safety purposes. The goals of many residents are however likely to conflict with the legal provisions. For example, the legislation and policy provide that private security personnel at booms only monitor and observe activity. They may not search vehicles or people, or require registers to be completed, or request personal information from visitors to the area.
Author Sibusiso MasukuSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2004, pp 21 –24 (2004)More Less
Although South Africa's youth are implicated in many incidents of crime, little is known about their experiences and perceptions of the problem. A focus group study in the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality in the Eastern Cape reveals the extent to which crime features in the lives of young people. Many were victims of violent crimes like robbery, and over half knew people involved in crime - mostly family and friends. Drug related offences also featured prominently. Few of the youths had confidence in families and schools as the institutions responsible for their development and socialisation.
Author Valerie MollerSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2004, pp 25 –30 (2004)More Less
Crime is thought to be a major concern that shapes the everyday lives of South Africans. But what impact does living with high levels of crime have on the mindset of ordinary citizens? A recent household crime victimisation study conducted in the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality provides tentative answers to this question.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2004, pp 31 –36 (2004)More Less
A survey of crime in Manenberg reveals the hold that gangs still have on the community. Many believe the police take protection money from gangsters, and most doubt the police's ability to protect witnesses in a murder trial. Public knowledge about drugs is high, especially among the youth, which suggests open drug markets that can only exist when enforcement is lax. It is not surprising then that local public opinion of the police is much more negative than that recorded in a recent national victim survey.