SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2005, Issue 12, 2005
Volumes & issues
Volume 2005, Issue 12, 2005
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2005, pp 1 –8 (2005)More Less
The latest official crime statistics, for the financial year 2003/04, are encouraging because they show a decrease in levels of most serious crimes, including murder, car hijacking, burglary and farm attacks. But the good news has yet to hit home for many South Africans. In fact, most people are more afraid of crime today than they were in 1998. It is likely that only sustained decreases in violent crime over several years, coupled with better service delivery, will make a difference.
Author Katherine DoolanSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2005, pp 9 –12 (2005)More Less
Successful implementation of the Domestic Violence Act is impeded by the absence of specific duties and responsibilities for health sector personnel. This article considers the role that the health sector could play. Although amending the Act would be ideal, alternatives include standardising domestic violence screening guidelines and developing an abuse management protocol for the effective implementation of the DVA. In this way, the health sector can make a significant contribution to reducing levels of domestic violence.
Author Antony AltbekerSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2005, pp 13 –18 (2005)More Less
Those monitoring the Domestic Violence Act generally conclude that it is poorly understood and badly implemented by officials in the criminal justice system. But a project aimed at understanding how ordinary cops police South Africa's streets concludes that part of the problem with this conclusion is a failure to grasp the real limitations - legal, logistical and emotional - under which policing operates. These limitations, combined with the sheer volume of cases, affect the way in which ordinary officers handle these incidents.
Author Kelley MoultSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2005, pp 19 –24 (2005)More Less
Informal justice structures are used by many women for dealing with domestic violence. Their services more closely meet the needs of women than the criminal justice system, in terms of the immediacy with which they resolve problems, their focus on mediation and resolution rather than arrest and punishment, and their affordability. For resolving domestic conflicts, alternative justice mechanisms seem to have much more legitimacy for those involved than the formal justice process.
Author Adele KirstenSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2005, pp 25 –30 (2005)More Less
On 1 January 2005 government launched the largest ever firearms amnesty. By 31 March 50,233 firearms had been surrendered. Due to public demand, the amnesty was extended to 30 June. This article assesses the impact of the first three months of the amnesty. Although media coverage focused on the illegal weapons handed in, the nearly 28,000 licensed guns surrendered represent just over one year's supply of lost guns that will now not enter the illegal market. And considering the widespread use of handguns in violent crime, the removal of over 43,000 handguns from circulation represents a substantial victory.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2005, pp 31 –36 (2005)More Less
A study of gang rape cases reported to police in inner-city Johannesburg in 1999 - although fairly dated - provides new insights into a disturbing phenomenon. The most striking thing about these rapes is their predatory nature. Typically, groups of men either lie in wait for their victims, or actively drive around looking for someone to abduct. The attacks are also brazen and violent: women are confronted in public spaces, and the use of force increases with the number of perpetrators involved in the rape.