SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2007, Issue 20, 2007
Volumes & issues
Volume 2007, Issue 20, 2007
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2007, pp 1 –6 (2007)More Less
The findings of the latest Markinor opinion poll on government performance indicate that two thirds of all South Africans believe that government's ability to fight crime is at its lowest level since 2003 - despite the fact that official crime statistics are going down. But the survey also shows that many people are passive bystanders in the fight against crime and expect government to take full responsibility for bringing down the crime rate. It is argued that it will require a huge concerted and joint effort by government and the public to change the perception of South Africa as one of the crime hot spots of the world.
Author Cheryl GoodenoughSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2007, pp 7 –12 (2007)More Less
The extent to which the private security industry has a role in proactive policing is an issue that is receiving increasing attention. At present the industry performs reactive functions in relation to crime; these may include armed response, transporting cash and conducting investigations. This article reflects the debate and considers some of the issues that would need to be addressed if the industry were to be more proactive in combating crime.
Author Michael TonrySource: SA Crime Quarterly 2007, pp 13 –20 (2007)More Less
If countries can learn from one another, South Africa can learn from the experiences of other countries that have re-organised their sentencing systems in recent decades. South Africa's correctional system has many similarities to America's - seriously overcrowded prisons, sentences that are too long, stark disparities, and therefore injustices, in sentences received for comparable crimes. American solutions - mandatory minimums, prison terms measured in decades not years - have neither reduced crime rates nor made streets safer. Nor will they in South Africa. Comparisons of countries with very different sentencing policies and punishment practices - Canada versus the United States, Finland versus the rest of Scandinavia, England versus Scotland - show that sentencing and punishment have little discernible effect on crime trends and patterns. Crime trends and patterns in most developed countries move in broad parallel, irrespective of national punishment policies.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2007, pp 21 –30 (2007)More Less
On 30 May 2007 the Criminal Law Amendment Bill (15 of 2007) was tabled in Parliament, proposing amendments to what has become known as the 'minimum sentences' legislation. The proposed amendments herald another chapter in the prison overcrowding debate in South Africa and will focus attention on the impact of sentencing on the size of the prison population.
Author Stefanie RoehrsSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2007, pp 31 –36 (2007)More Less
Since 2003 the Portfolio Committee on Justice and Constitutional Development has deliberated on legislation providing for the compulsory HIV testing of accused sexual offenders. After having been approved by the National Assembly and submitted to the National Council of Provinces in May 2007, it seems likely that compulsory HIV testing of alleged sexual offenders will be enacted as part of the new sexual offences legislation. This article describes the development and content of the provisions on compulsory HIV testing and examines their practical utility against the background of the alleged offender's constitutional rights. It is argued that these provisions are unlikely to provide the relief sought by victims, and may result in an unconstitutional limitation of an accused's right to privacy.