SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2007, Issue 21, 2007
Volumes & issues
Volume 2007, Issue 21, 2007
Author Johan BurgerSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2007, pp 1 –7 (2007)More Less
With increases of 2.4% and 4.6% respectively in the murder and aggravated robbery rates, the police's release of the 2006 / 07 crime statistics confirmed the fears of many that violent crime is on the increase. During the media conference the police communicated the bad news badly in an obvious attempt to downplay the seriousness of a situation over which they, according to their own admission, actually have very little control. In a bizarre way this confirms that whatever we are doing to fight crime isn't working and that it is time to consider something completely different.
Author Jonny SteinbergSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2007, pp 9 –13 (2007)More Less
What happens to the meanings of AIDS when treatment for it becomes universally available? The author asks this question in Lusikisiki, where a successful antiretroviral treatment programme in the district's 12 clinics made treatment accessible. The most profound effect is a whittling away of public denial. As nurses begin successfully treating opportunistic infections, so villagers' definition of AIDS broadens considerably; infections previously considered the work of witchcraft are now identified with AIDS. However, two years after the beginning of treatment, AIDS remained highly stigmatised. Although everyone knew where to go for treatment, some stayed at home and got sicker, while others tried to initiate treatment secretly. The future of the meaning of AIDS depends a great deal on whether the health system can maintain the quality of its service. If radically understaffed clinics begin finding ways to turn patients away, people will look increasingly to traditional and lay-healers for treatment and accept alternative explanations for illness.
Author David BruceSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2007, pp 15 –20 (2007)More Less
The South African Police Service is often a target of criticism, more often than not stemming from heightened public emotions regarding the high levels of crime in South Africa. Using the concept of democratic policing as its basis, a recent assessment attempts to evaluate the SAPS against a set of 39 measures. Providing an organisation-wide view of the SAPS, the assessment highlights both positive and negative aspects of the SAPS, and provides a detailed set of recommendations. The assessment is intended to support democratic oversight of the police by directing attention towards the main issues that should be addressed by oversight bodies.
Author Bilkis OmarSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2007, pp 21 –26 (2007)More Less
Police unions have an obligation to represent their members' interests against the employer, especially when the employer is proposing major structural changes. When the changes do not accord with what has been agreed upon, and when there appears to be mistrust, a breakdown in communication is imminent. Ultimately, while police members may suffer as a result of this breakdown, the general public has to bear the brunt of the poor policing that is the inevitable consequence of disquiet and disorder in the organisation.
Author Antony AltbekerSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2007, pp 27 –32 (2007)More Less
After 1994, South Africa committed itself to a vision of criminal justice that placed the prevention of crime at the centre of the strategic vision of the criminal justice system. The roots of this decision lie in the politics, organisational dynamics and intellectual climate of criminology in the mid-1990s. The model has, however, proved disappointing. Worse, by distracting government from the challenge of building a criminal justice system that identifies and incarcerates more violent criminals, it may actually have helped to foster the high levels of crime from which South Africa suffers.