SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2008, Issue 23, 2008
Volumes & issues
Volume 2008, Issue 23, 2008
Author Todd R. ClearSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2008, pp 1 –6 (2008)More Less
Penal reform is crucial to South Africa's long term crime control and criminal justice agendas. This article shows how the penal system could respond more ethically without an overwhelming investment of new resources. There are two strategies South Africa can employ to create a 'mindful' penal system. First, the length of sentences must be reduced. Second, a viable new system of community based (non-prison) penalties must be created. Neither strategy will be easy, but doing one without the other will fail.
Author Gareth NewhamSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2008, pp 7 –12 (2008)More Less
During 2006, residential robbery in Gauteng started to increased at a substantial rate - well above the average annual six per cent increase that had previously been taking place. This galvanised action from the provincial government, the South African Police Service and other key roleplayers in the province. The initiatives that were introduced have started to bear fruit as, for the first time in half a decade, a decrease in residential robberies started being recorded from April 2007. This article considers the extent and nature of residential robbery in Gauteng and what is being done to tackle the problem.
Why law enforcement is not enough : lessons from the Central Karoo on breaking the cycle of crime and violenceAuthor Barbara HoltmannSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2008, pp 13 –20 (2008)More Less
A 2003 initiative to develop a crime prevention strategy for the Central Karoo District Municipality helped formulate the 'life cycle' that perpetuates crime and violence, which is discussed in this article. Children's developmental needs are obvious and logical if we are to raise young people with good self esteem, who are capable and prepared to contribute to society in a constructive manner. Yet in the Central Karoo (and many other communities) our children's needs are being ignored. As a result, children learn to fend for themselves and some quickly tip over from being vulnerable victims to becoming young offenders. This article shows that as long as we ignore children's needs, we can never build a criminal justice system that will adequately address crime and violence in South Africa. It demonstrates why safety is an issue for society as a whole and not just for the police, courts and prisons.
Author Andrew FaullSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2008, pp 21 –27 (2008)More Less
Police corruption has become increasingly topical following the corruption charges levelled against the SAPS National Commissioner early this year. South Africa has a national police service as well as one municipal and five metropolitan police services. Public debate around the 'police' generally fails to distinguish between these independent organisations, and perceptions of police corruption negatively undermine the entire policing fraternity. Because of this, the various police agencies should consider working together on corruption. This article examines approaches to corruption in the national, metropolitan and municipal police services. Among others, important issues that need to be addressed are the disciplinary code within the metro police departments, the lack of investigative powers granted MPD officers, and the SAPS's failure over the past seven years to effectively implement any relevant strategies.
Author Bilkis OmarSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2008, pp 29 –36 (2008)More Less
Much criticism relating to delays in processing DNA and DNA backlogs has been levelled at the police's forensic science laboratory in recent years. It is, however, encouraging that South African Police Service statistics show that while backlogs were substantial from 2004 to 2006, the situation has since improved. Despite this, the Criminal Record and Forensic Science Service (CRFSS) in the SAPS still faces several challenges, notably the high cost of training, low salaries, high staff turnover in the CRFSS and problems relating to evidence collection at crime scenes.