SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2008, Issue 26, 2008
Volumes & issues
Volume 2008, Issue 26, 2008
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2008, pp 1 –2 (2008)More Less
The emphasis shifted from the criminal justice system to social development as the key solution to high crime rates. While we have not heard anyone saying that a functional criminal justice system is not vitally important, there is an increasingly vocal group of specialists and ordinary citizens who argue that fixing the criminal justice system is not enough if the intention is really to impact on violent crime. This approach seems to be gathering momentum. The coming together of a large network of organisations and individuals under the banner of Action for a Safe South Africa (now chaired by Jayendra Naidoo), at the end of August, was evidence of the shifting discourse around crime.
Author Lukas MuntinghSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2008, pp 3 –9 (2008)More Less
The belief is thoroughly entrenched that prisons fulfil the triple function of punishing offenders, making society safer by removing dangerous individuals, and deterring potential offenders from committing crime. The fact that hundreds of years of evidence suggests that prisons do none of these terribly well has not had any effect on our belief in the utility of this institution. In this article the author suggests that we hold on to these beliefs because they serve the interests of politicians, who can appease their electorate with the clear and simple solution prisons purport to provide; and the private sector, as prisons support their commercial interests in a number of ways. What is needed, the author argues, is deeper discussion and clearer thinking about the value and function of prison.
Author Prince MasheleSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2008, pp 11 –14 (2008)More Less
As the countdown to the 2009 general election continues, the need to dig deeper for the real meanings of statements made by politicians on a range of issues affecting our nation is becoming increasingly urgent. But why bother about statements made in the often euphoric rhetoric of political campaigns? They are important because the utterances give us a preview of the thinking of those likely to become our president, ministers or local government leaders.
Author Patrick BurtonSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2008, pp 15 –20 (2008)More Less
Violence in South African schools impacts on children, their families, and society more generally. Much of what occurs in schools is learnt through exposure to violence at home and outside the school, necessitating an integrated approach to addressing school violence that moves beyond a limited focus on the school itself. The Centre for Justice and Crime Prevention National Schools Violence Study provides an indication of how bad school violence is in South Africa, and through the wide range of data collected, provides a framework for interventions that cuts across sectors and conventional school-based stakeholders.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2008, pp 21 –26 (2008)More Less
The idea that it is necessary to address crime through social development is gaining currency in South Africa. Indeed, in the face of high crime rates that seem not to respond significantly to increases in the number of policemen and women, and in the face of seemingly intractable problems in the criminal justice system, there is a need to determine and address the social causes of crime. In order to convince government, funding institutions and the public that social interventions offer a long-term solution it is necessary to be able to measure their impact. This article describes a social development initiative aimed at preventing and reducing crime in a rural area in the Western Cape. It argues that while it is possible to identify indicators of success, measuring the impact of these kinds of interventions cannot be achieved in the short term. Also, while monitoring and evaluation are important, a balance must be found between allocating resources to core activities, and to monitoring and evaluation.
Author Mike BatleySource: SA Crime Quarterly 2008, pp 27 –34 (2008)More Less
Does restorative justice have anything to offer the field of offender reintegration? Restorative justice is defined, and distinctions are drawn, between a restorative justice worldview and processes and programmes that are restorative. Restorative justice processes focus on relationships and create opportunities for individual, family and community restoration and reconciliation. In doing so they open up new social spaces for offenders and nurture social inclusion. They also help offenders accept responsibility and help all parties manage the process of release from prison.