SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2009, Issue 27, 2009
Volumes & issues
Volume 2009, Issue 27, 2009
Author Chandre GouldSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 1 –2 (2009)More Less
This edition of SACQ will hit the streets less than a month before April 22, the day on which South Africans go to the polls to vote in a new government. It is thus a good time to reflect on the extent to which we can expect a change in approach to crime and the criminal justice system by considering how the three parties most likely to share the majority of votes - the African National Congress (ANC), Democratic Alliance (DA) and the Congress of the People (COPE) - propose to address crime.
Author Andrew FaullSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 3 –6 (2009)More Less
A lack of creativity and political will is placing the country's Metropolitan Police Departments (MPDs) at risk of losing legitimacy, as management and councils pay lip service to evidence of dwindling organisational integrity. The introduction of targeted and random integrity tests within the departments is urgently needed to turn the tide on abuses of power, and can be implemented easily enough.
Author Werner WebbSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 7 –13 (2009)More Less
The prevention of corruption is a common theme of the election manifestos of most political parties in the run-up to the general elections of 2009. This development is without doubt due to the many allegations of wrongdoing among officials within the ruling party and its senior appointments to the public service. The loss of public trust in the South African government and the public service has been the main consequence of these allegations. Internationally, governments have put corruption prevention on their agenda. Many remedies for unethical conduct have been proposed, including a free press, independent courts of law, scrupulous behaviour by political leaders, and government reform. It is then up to individual countries to decide what 'mixture' of remedies should be applied. This article argues that our efforts to enhance ethics and integrity would benefit more by promoting, for example, an ethical organisational culture in the criminal justice system than overly focusing our attempts on prosecuting allegedly corrupt political leaders.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 15 –21 (2009)More Less
This article argues for the importance of an international comparative perspective in terms of our analysis and response to violent crime. This is particularly important in the light of the fact that while an increasing number of countries in the global South have achieved formal democracy, they continue to be plagued by high levels of violent crime. In fact, transitions from authoritarian to democratic governance around the world, from Eastern Europe to Latin America and Africa, have been accompanied by escalating violent crime rates. In this context, we have much to learn from an international comparative approach in terms of understanding why democratic transitions are so often accompanied by increases in violence, what the impact of this violence is on the ability of these societies to deepen democracy, and what the most appropriate interventions are in relatively new and often resource poor democracies.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 23 –30 (2009)More Less
South Africa has a reputation as one of the most violent societies in the world, despite the fact that overall levels of crime have consistently come down since 2001. In this and other developing countries, crime exacts a high cost in terms of health and security and has the potential to scupper the attempts of governments to fulfil their responsibilities in addressing poverty and inequality. This article argues that there is an urgent need to develop policies that balance the immediate need for safety and security with the long-term objective of achieving systemic social change. It describes an intervention undertaken by the Open Society Foundation for South Africa in collaboration with three provincial departments of Safety and Security that aims to explore ways in which a dual approach of keeping citizens safe in the context of current levels of crime, and simultaneously developing models for long term crime reduction, can be achieved.
Author Irma LabuschagneSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 31 –34 (2009)More Less
The criminologist's inquiry into the causes of crime is complex and multifaceted. The process by which individuals become criminals must be identified; social behaviour in general, and the specific context in which the crime was committed, should receive attention. The study of all crimes involves not only investigations into the motivation of offenders, but also into the roles of victims and bystanders, as well as the physical and social context within which crime takes place. It is with all of these factors in mind that criminologists embark on the arduous task of developing a profile for society's most feared - the serial killer.