SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2009, Issue 33, 2009
Volumes & issues
Volume 2009, Issue 33, 2009
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 1 –2 (2009)More Less
The past few months have been exceptionally busy for civil society in South Africa. A number of key pieces of legislation reached the point of public comment - some for the second time.
The Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill, the Independent Police Investigative Directorate Bill, the Civilian Secretariat of the Police Services Bill as well as the hugely controversial Protection of Information Bill have all drawn considerable public comment. This is the good news. Despite the often very short timeframes given by parliament for civil society to consider and make input on draft legislation, there has been no shortage of public comment on any of these pieces of legislation. This is an indication of the importance that civil society ascribes to the issues of civilian oversight of the police, human trafficking and the state's commitment (or lack thereof) to transparency and accountability. It is also a sign of a healthy democracy that the portfolio committees have accepted many of the changes to the draft legislation that were requested by civil society.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 3 –10 (2009)More Less
The minister of police and other prominent politicians have interpreted violence against foreign nationals as 'just crime', implying that it is criminally motivated, and thus denying the presence or relevance of xenophobic motivations. This article deconstructs this claim by showing that the police have in fact reacted strongly and specifically to this kind of 'crime'; analyses the assumptions about perpetrator motivations implicit in it; and reflects on the normative and political flavourings of terms such as 'crime' and 'xenophobia' suggested by the claim that violence against foreign nationals is 'only' crime. The article concludes by examining the implications of the distinction between 'xenophobia' and 'crime' in terms of shaping institutional responses to violence against foreign nationals and influencing general perceptions of xenophobia, including those of potential perpetrators.
Author Jacqui GallinettiSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 11 –17 (2009)More Less
Human and child trafficking is regarded as an international crime and serious human rights violation. However, the clandestine and transnational nature of trafficking makes it extremely difficult to apprehend or prosecute offenders, or to verify information about the scope and nature of the problem. Yet, despite the lack of quantifiable data, extensive global attention has been focused on the phenomenon of trafficking. This article highlights some concerns regarding conceptual and definitional problems, as well as the seeming international preoccupation with trafficking, in an attempt to position the issue within the larger context of other global human rights abuses.
Author Kopano RateleSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 19 –24 (2009)More Less
This article will argue that masculine domination is a crucial factor in black male homicidal victimisation in South Africa, but that this is not always appreciated. Under apartheid it was black men who were most likely to be at the receiving end of fatal political violence. Currently black men are still most likely to die violently from interpersonal conflicts. This article aims to underline the fact that it is important for political leaders, policy makers and police chiefs to speak out more often, publicly and without beating around the bush, that young black males are at the highest risk of homicide in South Africa. The article also offers an explanation why young black males are most vulnerable to homicidal violence.
Author Sasha GearSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 25 –32 (2009)More Less
This article explores sexual violence in male prisons in South Africa. It focuses on the social meanings and identities that surround sexual violence, particularly the ideas of manhood that shape both the perpetration of sexual abuses and how it is dealt with - or not. The dominant inmate culture endorses prison rape and long-term relationships of sexual abuse, largely through legitimising violence and through replicating societal notions of gender and sexuality. The Department of Correctional Services and its staff have so far failed to meaningfully engage with the problem of sexual violence in prisons, or to provide adequate support for victims. There are indications that the department may be beginning to address the problem, but past attempts to get the issue of sexual violence recognised, provide cautions as to how this should be done. Specifically, there is a need to ensure that damaging and brutal notions of masculinity are challenged rather than accentuated in the process of addressing the problem.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2009, pp 33 –37 (2009)More Less
The Minister of Correctional Services recently made it known that the department is reviewing its policy on public-private partnerships (PPPs) for prisons. Currently there are two private prisons in South Africa, and the government has decided to build another four. However, for reasons that are not quite clear, there remains a great deal of controversy surrounding PPP prisons. One thing about which there is no disagreement, however, is that services at the existing two PPP prisons are of extremely high quality. Chandré Gould spoke to Frikkie Venter, G4S Managing Director in South Africa, about public-private-partnerships for prisons.