SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2011, Issue 37, 2011
Volumes & issues
Volume 2011, Issue 37, 2011
Author Chandre GouldSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2011 (2011)More Less
In September the Minister of Police and Commissioner of Police released the annual crime figures (2010/11) for South Africa. As we have come to expect, the announcement was followed by a week-long media focus on crime. Since the high rate of crime still is a major concern for South Africans it is not surprising that this occasion attracts enormous media attention. And in many ways the media focus creates the space for researchers, academics and activists to raise awareness about the complexity of the risk factors for crime perpetration, challenge misperceptions and misunderstandings and offer their views on the solutions. Unfortunately few actually take this space and use it effectively.
Author Lillian ArtzSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2011, pp 3 –10 (2011)More Less
In 2008/9 MOSAIC, with the assistance of the Gender, Health & Justice Research Unit (UCT), embarked on research that sought to identify the factors that contribute to domestic violence victims withdrawing from the legal process before they finalise protection orders (POs) applied for under the Domestic Violence Act (DVA). This study was based on the 2008 work of this author who, in partnership with MOSAIC, interviewed 365 domestic violence victims in the Western Cape about their engagement with and retraction from the criminal justice process. The second tier of this project - reported on here - emerged with more focused interview schedules and the addition of eight jurisdictions from which the sample was drawn. The findings from this study were extensive and pointed to a range of personal, systemic and structural reasons why Domestic Violence Act [DVA] applicants disengage from the criminal justice process. This article will limit its focus on three areas that are relevant to the decision by survivors to withdraw their applications for protection orders: the history and severity of violence, deadly threats, and key findings relating specifically to experiences of DVA applicants with the courts.
Author Patrick MutahiSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2011, pp 11 –18 (2011)More Less
This article analyses the informal security market in the Nairobi slums of Kibera and Mathare. It assesses how gangs manoeuvre between legality and illegality in the provision of security. This article argues that there is a need to move away from a traditional interpretation of crime and criminal groups so as to understand the deeper reasons for their existence, why they continue to exist, and how they operate as they tactically shift their nature to survive. This article thus advocates for a multilayered approach to security in order to identify how best Kenyans can meet their human security needs.
Author Jameelah OmarSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2011, pp 19 –26 (2011)More Less
This article examines the rights of South African prisoners to rehabilitation in light of the entitlement to rehabilitation contained in the Correctional Services Act 111 of 1998 and the White Paper on Corrections, and thus enshrined in statute. The author contends that prison conditions play a significant role in the failure of the South African government to implement successful rehabilitative programmes. The article considers the potential recourse available to South African prisoners to judicially enforce the South African government's obligation with regard to effective rehabilitation programmes.
Author Leon HoltzhausenSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2011, pp 27 –32 (2011)More Less
The fundamental objective of this article is to urge a change in the conventional paradigms used to define the practice of social work in the field of criminal justice, and to set in motion a conversion to a unified paradigm of criminal justice social work. A unified paradigm is used here to refer to the multidimensional and multidisciplinary practice of social work in working with both those who offend and those who are victims of crime, in order to restore harm done and prevent further offending. This text is essentially nomenclatorial in nature, meaning, it deals with the naming and defining the specialisation of criminal justice social work as distinctly different from social work in general.
On the record... interview with Peter Tinsley, Executive Director of the Institute for Justice Sector Development, CanadaSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2011, pp 33 –37 (2011)More Less
As reported by Andrew Faull in the previous edition of SA Crime Quarterly (36), the Independent Police Investigative Directorate (IPID) Bill is expected to be promulgated into South African law towards the end of the year. Once adopted, the new law will significantly change the functions of the Independent Complaints Directorate (ICD), which is currently South Africa's primary independent agency responsible for investigating complaints against the police. Chris Botha met up with Peter Tinsley, recognised as an expert on the rule of law and the oversight of security forces, at a recent United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) conference on policing reform in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and discussed Canadian developments on issues of police oversight.