SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2012, Issue 40, 2012
Volumes & issues
Volume 2012, Issue 40, 2012
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2012, pp 1 –2 (2012)More Less
Over the past few years the South African Police Service (SAPS) has lurched from crisis to crisis. It seems as though each week brings fresh allegations of mismanagement, corruption and political interference in the work of the police. The allegations of poor management practices, weak control and abuse seem particularly prevalent at the highest management levels.
Policing powers, politics, pragmatism and the provinces - revitalising policing oversight in the Western CapeAuthor David BruceSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2012, pp 3 –14 (2012)More Less
The draft Western Cape Community Safety Bill, introduced in the provincial legislature in February 2012, is part of a broader provincial government initiative to tackle issues of safety in the province. The Bill sets out to concretise the powers allocated to provincial governments by the Constitution. Specific provisions reflect the wish to give effect to Section 206(1) of the Constitution in terms of which provinces are to be consulted in the formulation of national policing policy. But the main focus of the Bill is on provincial policing oversight powers. In line with the Civilian Secretariat for Police Service Act, the Bill aims to formalise the role of the provincial Department of Community Safety as distinct from the provincial secretariat. The Bill provides for inspections to be carried out at police stations by Community Policing Forums (CPF). This aspect of the initiative has the potential to redefine the relationship between CPFs and the police. It is also envisaged that a provincial ombud's office will be created, in line with provisions of the Constitution, authorising provinces to investigate complaints against police. The Bill is of interest as it provides a model for fuller engagement by provincial governments in policing matters. At the same time the introduction of the draft Bill raises questions about potential political interference that the Bill does not address.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2012, pp 15 –24 (2012)More Less
In exploring the contours of the code of silence among South African police officers, our 2005 survey of 379 police officers from seven provinces found that a substantial proportion of respondents were keen to protect various forms of police corruption. Between July 2010 and August 2011 we engaged in the second sweep of the survey, encompassing 771 police officers (commissioned and non-commissioned) from nine South African provinces. Our results provide further evidence of the presence of the code of silence covering various forms of police misconduct. At least one quarter of the respondents would protect a fellow officer who verbally abused citizens, covered up police driving under the influence (DUI) accident, accepted gratuities, or failed to react to graffiti. At least one out of eight police officers showed willingness to cover up internal corruption, striking a prisoner, a kickback, a false report on drug possession, and protection of a hate crime. The results further indicate that the respondents' willingness to adhere to the code of silence is directly related to their estimates of whether other police officers in their agency would protect such behaviour with silence, as well as to their estimates of the seriousness of misconduct and expected discipline.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2012, pp 25 –30 (2012)More Less
In this response to Duncan Breen and Juan Nel's article on the need for legislation to enhance the sentences imposed on those convicted of hate crime, we draw on the international literature and our own research on racially motivated offending to argue that South Africa ought to adopt a more circumspect approach than the UK and the USA if it wishes to deal effectively with this kind of offending. We also warn that hate crime law brings with it some significant and undesirable unintended consequences for those it is meant to protect.
Author Trevor BudhramSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2012, pp 31 –37 (2012)More Less
A credit card is a convenient method of payment, but it does carry risks. The enormous growth in the use of credit cards has resulted in high levels of credit card fraud. Technological advances have allowed the perpetrators to produce counterfeit cards that resemble the genuine card so closely that it is difficult for shopkeepers, tellers, police and bank investigators to identify a fraudulent card. Identity theft and the exponential growth of the internet have further compounded the crime of credit card fraud by allowing for on-line purchasing, resulting in huge financial losses to the card industry and consumers alike. This article discusses credit card fraud in South Africa and offers information about the measures taken to reduce it.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2012, pp 39 –42 (2012)More Less