SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2013, Issue 43, 2013
Volumes & issues
Volume 2013, Issue 43, 2013
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2013 (2013)More Less
To readers of SACQ, and most South Africans, news of the enormously high levels of violence and of police brutality is nothing new. However, the sequence of events, and the involvement of double celebrities Oscar Pistorius and Reeva Steenkamp, have served to highlight the very serious problem of violence South Africa faces. Perhaps, with increased sensitivity and media focus we may begin to see a shift, at least away from the political rhetoric that has probably contributed to harsher policing.
Business robbery, the foreign trader and the small shop - how business robberies affect Somali traders in the Western CapeAuthor Vanya GastrowSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2013, pp 5 –15 (2013)More Less
Recent years have seen a rapid increase in business robberies in the Western Cape. Most of these robberies affect informal traders in low-income township neighbourhoods. Foreign nationals in these areas appear to be especially vulnerable to such crime. This article focuses on the robbery experiences of Somali traders in Western Cape townships. It highlights the difficulties they face in accessing formal and informal justice in the aftermath of crime, and how criminals' relative impunity leaves Somali shops more vulnerable to attack. It concludes that cross-sectoral efforts are required to tackle the broad social and institutional challenges in addressing business robberies in the province.
Author David BruceSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2013, pp 17 –28 (2013)More Less
This article is concerned with the process of en masse recruitment implemented within the South African Police Service since 2002. As a result of this process the personnel strength of the SAPS has increased dramatically from 120 549 in 2002 to 199 345 in 2012, an increase of over 65%. A large proportion of SAPS personnel are now people who have joined since 1994 and particularly since 2002. En masse recruitment has in part addressed the legacy of apartheid by promoting racial and gender representativeness in the SAPS. In so doing it has facilitated entry into the civil service by a significant number of black, and particularly African, South Africans, thus contributing to 'class formation'. At the same time the process does not ensure political non-partisanship on the part of the SAPS. It also has not necessarily contributed to 'better policing' in South Africa. While it may have increased the potential that the SAPS will enjoy legitimacy, this cannot be achieved by recruitment alone.
Author Anthony CollinsSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2013, pp 29 –37 (2013)More Less
In his book, A Country at War with Itself, Antony Altbeker has highlighted that the extraordinary and distressing feature of crime in South Africa is not how common it is, but how violent. This analysis moves on from that point, arguing that rather than focusing on violent crime as a specific type of criminality, we should examine violence as a separate category that sometimes overlaps with crime and sometimes does not. This shift in focus reveals that it is not South African crime that is so violent, but South African society in general. It shows that many of these forms of violence are both legal and socially acceptable. This includes violence in childrearing, intimate relationships, education, sport, film and television, establishing social identities, and political negotiation, to name but a few significant areas. An examination of these popular and accepted forms of violence provides a revealing analysis of how these patterns are reproduced socially and psychologically, explaining how individuals and groups come to use violence as an everyday strategy of social negotiation. This analysis makes it clear that violent crime is a reflection of deeper patterns of violence within the society, and highlights the importance of including approaches other than law enforcement in reducing violence in South Africa.
Author Hema HargovanSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2013, pp 39 –41 (2013)More Less
Restorative approaches to justice have developed through practice and will probably continue to do so. As a consequence there is no single notion of restorative justice, no single type of process, no single theory. It is used extensively in countries with diverse cultures and legal systems, attracting community activists and policymakers; both as a way of trying to heal past conflict and wrongs, and incorporating greater awareness of different cultural traditions.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2013, pp 43 –47 (2013)More Less
Professor Rachel Jewkes and her colleagues at the Gender and Health Unit have undertaken foundational research on gender-based violence in South Africa for many years; most recently this includes research conducted to assess the levels of rape perpetration in South Africa, and a national study of child and female homicide. The unit has also developed and tested the South African version of the Stepping Stones programme that was shown to be effective in changing men's sexual risk-taking behaviour and 'reduced their use of violence', while also reducing sexually transmitted infections in women.