SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2015, Issue 54, 2015
Volumes & issues
Volume 2015, Issue 54, 2015
Author Chandre GouldSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2015, pp 3 –4 (2015)More Less
Over the past five years South African Crime Quarterly (SACQ) has undergone a number of changes to make the journal a more reliable and credible source of practical and theoretical knowledge about violence, crime and criminal justice in South Africa. In 2011 the journal was accredited by the Department of Higher Education in South Africa, and it has recently been assessed by the Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf), and accepted for inclusion in the Scielo index. Acceptance in the index is based on a thorough assessment of the journal, and on-going monitoring of indicators of excellence by ASSAf. The inclusion of SACQ in this index is thus a significant milestone for the journal. It also means that within the next three years the journal will have an impact factor based on the number of citations of articles published. In addition, SACQ is now available through African Journals Online (AJOL), a service that offers a growing collection of open-access African scholarly journals; through AJOL we are increasing our continental readership.
Eliminating abusive 'care' - a criminal law response to obstetric violence in South Africa : research articleAuthor Camilla PicklesSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2015, pp 5 –16 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/sacq.v54i1.1More Less
This article examines the disrespectful, abusive and violent maternity care that many South African people face. It identifies this conduct as a human rights violation and argues that intentional abusive maternity care should be labelled as obstetric violence, a specific form of gender-based violence, and that it should be criminalised. This approach reflects a nascent global trend to act against obstetric violence, and draws inspiration from statutory crimes introduced in Venezuela and Mexico. Building on the Latin American experience, the article proposes how the current legal conception of obstetric violence should be further developed to suit the unique position of pregnant people in South Africa.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2015, pp 17 –28 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/sacq.v54i1.2More Less
Effective parenting programmes are central to successful violence prevention efforts. Although parenting programmes are available in South Africa, few are evidence-based. This lack of evaluation makes it impossible to know whether programmes are helpful or harmful and whether they use resources efficiently. This article outlines a process for gauging the extent to which parenting programmes incorporate evidence-based practices, which may then assist in identifying promising programmes. This involves the application of two interlinked instruments - an interview schedule and rating metric. It was applied to 21 group-based parenting programmes in South Africa that were identified via convenience and snowball sampling. Results indicated that the use of evidence-based practices was low, especially in terms of monitoring and evaluation. Findings highlight clear areas where programme strengthening is needed. A similar process could be used to identify other promising violence prevention interventions.
Author Gwen DereymaekerSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2015, pp 29 –41 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/sacq.v54i1.3More Less
In recent years reports have increasingly pointed to the mounting quantum of claims for civil damages faced by the South African Police Service (SAPS). A close analysis of the publicly available data shows that increasingly large amounts of claims are filed against the SAPS, but that most of these claims are finalised without the SAPS, being held financially liable. However, the backlog of claims is ever mounting and needs to be addressed more proactively. It appears that factors external to police officials' behaviour do not explain the increase in claims. The reasons are more likely related to unlawful police behaviour, and in particular police violence.
The wrong type of decline - fluctuations in price and value of illegal substances in Cape Town : research articleSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2015, pp 43 –54 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/sacq.v54i1.4More Less
This article documents and contextualises fluctuations in the street-level prices and values of selected illegal substances over a 10-year period in Cape Town, South Africa, by drawing on recent empirical research and past reports. The contemporary prices are compared and contrasted with each other, as well as with those previously documented. We show that when adjusted for inflation, the value of these substances has decreased over the last decade, making them more affordable, even though their nominal prices have remained more stable. In beginning to provide explanations for these changes, we outline some of the mechanisms that shape the market and point to the primary structural drivers of substance use in the country.
Violence, victimisation and parole - reconciling restorative justice and victim participation : commentary and ananlysisAuthor Hema HargovanSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2015, pp 55 –64 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/sacq.v54i1.5More Less
When a crime is committed and an offender is incarcerated, victims and offenders are denied agency in influencing the outcome of the criminal justice process, resulting in harmful consequences for both. On the one hand, there is growing consensus that the criminal justice system does not treat victims well. On the other, high levels of violent crime in the country, coupled with society's call for stiffer sentences, have seen growing numbers of inmates receiving longer prison sentences, due in part to the minimum sentence legislation. Restorative approaches to justice have the potential to recognise the injustice caused not only by the crime itself, but also by the structural injustice experienced by the offender. The key question is how to respond to the intergenerational effects of historical injustices and victimisation that so often result in identity switches: from vulnerable victim to violent offender. This article elaborates on restorative approaches to corrections at the parole phase and the implementation of these approaches through the victim offender dialogue programme, and questions whether due regard is being paid to the needs and rights of victims.
S v SN unreported, case no. 141114/14 (WCC) - sentencing child offenders after they turn 18 : case noteSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2015, pp 65 –72 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/sacq.v54i1.6More Less
This case note reflects on the approach that should be adopted by sentencing courts when imposing sentences on child offenders who turn 18 during proceedings. The Western Cape High Court recently considered the application of the sentencing principles in the Child Justice Act and section 28 of the Constitution to child offenders who turn 18 prior to their sentencing. The court confirmed that there is 'no arbitrary end to childhood for children who have committed offences before they attained the age of adulthood' and concluded that the sentencing principles in the Child Justice Act are applicable to children who turn 18 prior to sentencing.