Focus on Arms in Africa - Volume 1, Issue 2, 2002
Volume 1, Issue 2, 2002
Source: Focus on Arms in Africa 1 (2002)More Less
May 25th marked the commemoration of Africa Day, a day that observes the founding of the Organisation of African Unity in 1963. The OAU, in its efforts to seek alternative ways to address economic development, good governance, the rule of law , democracy and conflict prevention, has moved towards the creation of the African Union. The launch of the AU will occur at the Summit in Durban, South Africa in July 2002. Through the mechanisms in place within the framework of the African Union, including the CSSDCA and NEPAD, the AU will address factors hampering peace and economic growth in Africa.
Source: Focus on Arms in Africa 1, pp 2 –3 (2002)More Less
Author Angela McIntyreSource: Focus on Arms in Africa 1 (2002)More Less
For millions of Sierra Leonean, Angolan and Congolese children, peace has become something mythical, or at best a distant memory. Over the past decades armed conflicts in Sierra Leone, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo have wreaked destruction on civilian populations, destroyed infrastructure and distorted economies. These conflicts have effectively erased the lines between civilian and military targets and in the process run roughshod over values and norms that would protect children and youth. In all of these situations, inherently youthful populations have been pillaged through the recruitment of young people into armed forces, some as frontline fighters.
Author Eleanor AbrahamsSource: Focus on Arms in Africa 1 (2002)More Less
Small arms and light weapons' proliferation continues to be a major concern with devastating consequences for civilians - men, women and children. The spread of weapons across borders, often undetected, has further destabilised communities who live along these borders. Banditry, crime and cattle rustling have become common activities along the border between Uganda and Kenya. A recent joint meeting of Kenyan and Ugandan officials identified illegal firearms as a major cause of cattle rustling and banditry along their common border. The result has been a heavy toll in human life and livelihoods.
Author Noel StottSource: Focus on Arms in Africa 1 (2002)More Less
Mozambique is considered one of the African countries most affected by mines. The landmines were planted during a two-decade civil war, which ended in 1992. Areas mined included towns, villages, water sources, power sources, pylon lines, dams, roads, tracks, paths, bridges, railway lines, and military installations.
Author Joao Gomes PortoSource: Focus on Arms in Africa 1, pp 5 –6 (2002)More Less
The civil war in Angola came to a formal end on 4 April 2002 with the signature by the two belligerent parties, the government of Angola and UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola), of a cease-fire agreement entitled the 'Memorandum of Understanding Addendum to the Lusaka Protocol for the Cessation of Hostilities and the Resolution of the Outstanding Military Issues Under the Lusaka Protocol'
Author Richard MugishaSource: Focus on Arms in Africa 1 (2002)More Less
The UN Conference on Small Arms, held in July 2002, was a first step in the right direction towards furthering controls on small arms and the momentum gained should be maintained. The greatest challenge now is the interpretation of the resulting UN programme of action on small arms. Many of its provisions are vague, which may allow loopholes to circumvent implementation. The Programme of Action does, however, give a clear role for civil society organisations to work in support of efforts to control the proliferation and misuse of small arms.
Source: Focus on Arms in Africa 1, pp 7 –8 (2002)More Less