oa Focus on Arms in Africa - Small arms and terrorism
The Horn of Africa has been plagued by both interstate and intrastate conflicts for decades. More recently, the Horn has become an area of focus for anti-terrorism activities, following bomb attacks in Nairobi and Dar-es-Salaam in 1998 and Mombasa in 2002. Terrorism, according to the AU Plan of Action (PoA) on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism, is a violent form of transnational crime that exploits the limits of the territorial jurisdiction of states, differences in governance systems and judicial procedures, porous borders, and the existence of informal and illegal trade and financing networks.
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