oa Focus on Arms in Africa - Identifying the culprits : tracking the circulation of small arms
The proliferation of small arms and light weapons has been a concern for many during the last decade. Nongovernmental organizations and governments have been working hand-in-hand to deal with the issue. Governments are responsible for the safety and security of their citizens and thus change and enforce policy to adapt to our ever-evolving world. Non-governmental organizations assess impact and responses; as representatives of civil society they monitor the state and suggest policy changes to facilitate a safer environment. Should the situation arise where the general public perceives the state as being unable to carry out its duty to protect them, the populace may try to protect itself. One of the main occurrences shaping a community's perception of insecurity is needless violence during crime.
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