Focus on Arms in Africa - Volume 3, Issue 2, 2004
Volume 3, Issue 2, 2004
Source: Focus on Arms in Africa 3 (2004)More Less
- Landmines awareness campaign launched in Luanda
- African conference debates strategy on arms control
- Committee on illicit trafficking in the DRC
- ECCAS unites against illicit proliferation of arms
- Africans ask Europeans to remove WWII mines they planted
- UN assists Africa in containing illicit arms
Author Jody WilliamsSource: Focus on Arms in Africa 3, pp 1 –3 (2004)More Less
When the movement to ban landmines was in its infancy, very few - including those who conceived it - ever expected the tremendous successes it has achieved. Before the launch of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) in late 1992, the impact of the proliferation of landmine use, around the world, was largely unknown. But the ICBL raised awareness, captured the public conscience and moved the world towards a resolution of the problem.
Source: Focus on Arms in Africa 3, pp 3 –7 (2004)More Less
The Second Continental Conference of African Experts on Landmines took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 15 - 17 September 2004. This was in accordance with the African Union's (AU) Executive Council decision that requested the African Union Commission to convene a meeting of experts to elaborate a Common African Position, based on the relevant decisions of the organization, including the Kempton Park Plan of Action (May 1997).
Author Angela McIntyreSource: Focus on Arms in Africa 3 (2004)More Less
Besides the estimated 300, 000 children fighting in armed conflicts across the globe, thousands more young people are involved in or risk becoming involved in armed violence. These are soldiers without wars, whose battlefields are often their own communities. Children involved in organized violence are defined as children and youth employed by or otherwise participating in armed violence where there are elements of a command structure and power over territory, local population and/or resources, in non-war situations. Viva Rio, a Brazilian nongovernmental organization that works with youth in organized armed violence is in the concluding stages of an international study on the phenomenon. The study focuses on Jamaica, El Salvador, Ecuador, Honduras, Philippines, Nigeria, South Africa, USA, Northern Ireland and Colombia. The findings will be released in early 2005.
Author Thokozani ThusiSource: Focus on Arms in Africa 3, pp 13 –14 (2004)More Less
When Charles Taylor boarded a Nigerian chartered airplane to exile, many Liberians rejoiced in anticipation of peace. The events of 11 August 2003 that culminated in Taylor formally handing over power to Moses Blah brought new challenges of peace-building. These included :
- The removal of arms from belligerents
- Restoration of law and order
- Security sector reform
- Rehabilitation of infrastructure
- Revival of economic activity
Source: Focus on Arms in Africa 3, pp 15 –16 (2004)More Less
The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Protocol on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition and other Related Material (SADC Protocol) specifies, in Articles 5 and 9, that all firearms should be marked with a unique number to facilitate tracing:
- States parties undertake to incorporate, in their national laws, provisions that ensure the standardized marking and identification of firearms at the time of manufacture, import or export;
- States parties undertake to establish agreed systems to ensure that all firearms are marked with a unique number, at the time of manufacture or import, on the barrel frame and, where applicable, the slide and undertake to keep proper records of the markings, and
- The marking shall identify the country of manufacture, the serial number, and the manufacturer of the firearm.