oa Focus on Arms in Africa - Outside war zones : youth in organized armed violence
Besides the estimated 300, 000 children fighting in armed conflicts across the globe, thousands more young people are involved in or risk becoming involved in armed violence. These are soldiers without wars, whose battlefields are often their own communities. Children involved in organized violence are defined as children and youth employed by or otherwise participating in armed violence where there are elements of a command structure and power over territory, local population and/or resources, in non-war situations. Viva Rio, a Brazilian nongovernmental organization that works with youth in organized armed violence is in the concluding stages of an international study on the phenomenon. The study focuses on Jamaica, El Salvador, Ecuador, Honduras, Philippines, Nigeria, South Africa, USA, Northern Ireland and Colombia. The findings will be released in early 2005.
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