Arms Control : Africa - Volume 1, Issue 2, 2008
Volume 1, Issue 2, 2008
Source: Arms Control : Africa 1 (2008)More Less
Welcome to the second issue of Arms Control : Africa, which is published by the Arms Management Programme (AMP) of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS). The aim of Arms Control : Africa is to provide relevant information and analysis on arms and arms control developments that are either taking place within Africa, or which have the potential to have a significant impact on the continent.
Author Noel StottSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 2 –4 (2008)More Less
The government of Norway, in co-operation with the US-based Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) convened an international conference on ""Achieving the Vision of a World Free of Nuclear Weapons"", in Oslo on 26 to 27 February 2008. The conference, at which attendance was by invitation only and at which the Institute of Security Studies (ISS) was present, aimed to explore how all states - nuclear weapon states and non-nuclear weapon states alike - could contribute to overcoming the current impasse in the nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament regime.
Author Ben CoetzeeSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 4 –6 (2008)More Less
The SADC Protocol was the first legally binding treaty formulated to control and regulate small arms in Africa. It came into force on 8 November 2004; 30 days after the ninth country deposited its ratification instrument at the SADC Secretariat in Gabarone. The countries that have ratified the Protocol are Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and presumably Zimbabwe. The Angola, the DRC and Madagascar are countries that still have to ratify the Protocol.
Author Nelson AlusalaSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 6 –7 (2008)More Less
This was the basic question that set off the discussion in the one-day seminar titled : 'Impact Oriented Research on Small Arms in Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Republic of Congo (RoC) and Rwanda', and which brought together researchers from these countries to deliberate the state of research on small arms and light weapons (SALW) in their respective countries, and to discuss their research priorities for 2008 and beyond. The choice of these four countries arose from their geopolitical links in conflicts affecting them, as well as from the need to enhance the limited local research being undertaken on these issues.
Author Augusta MuchaiSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 8 –9 (2008)More Less
Katika mwongo uliyopita tatizo la wizi wa mifugo limeendelea likithiri mazungumuzo ya usalama wa kibinidamu katika sehemu nyingi za Afrika Mashariki. Mjadala umetazama Wizi wa Mifugo uliozidi katika eneo ndogo na ishara kuhusisha ya kuenea kwa silaha ndogo na nyepesi. Kwa kuendeleza, juhudi maalumu zimetengwa kwa kuongezeka kwa mizozo ya kimabavu baina ya jamii husika.
Author Dominique DyeSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 9 –10 (2008)More Less
There have been a number of significant international and regional initiatives aimed at curbing and controlling the proliferation and reducing the misuse of small arms and light weapons (SALW). These include the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects (UNPoA), the Bamako Declaration on an African Common Position on the Illicit Proliferation, Circulation and Trafficking of Small Arms and Light Weapons, as well as various regional and sub-regional agreements.
Author Amelia Du RandSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 11 –12 (2008)More Less
In 1980, Africa was the world's top uranium producer, but subsequently lost this status to other continents due to weak prices. However, international pricing trends have improved dramatically over the last five years, resulting in a renewed interest in uranium mining in Africa. In 2006, the Democratic Republic of Congo signed an agreement with a British mining company, the Brinkley Mining Company, to investigate the country's uranium resources. Uranium reserves have also recently been discovered in countries such as Angola and Malawi. The continent has the potential to treble its uranium output by 2011.
Author Gugu DubeSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 12 –13 (2008)More Less
The Oslo Process formally began in February 2007 in Norway. Since then two conferences have been held : in Lima and in Vienna, and regional meetings have been held in Costa Rica, Serbia, and Belgium. The aim, according to Norway's Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Stoere, is to ""... establish concrete measures that will put an end to the untold human suffering caused by cluster munitions"".