Arms Control : Africa - Volume 1, Issue 3, 2008
Volume 1, Issue 3, 2008
Source: Arms Control : Africa 1 (2008)More Less
Welcome to the third issue of Arms Control : Africa, which is published by the Arms Management Programme (AMP) of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS). The aim of Arms Control : Africa is to provide relevant information and analysis on arms and arms control developments that are either taking place in Africa, or which have the potential to have a significant impact on the continent.
Author Ben CoetzeeSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 2 –3 (2008)More Less
In 2007 the Southern African Police Chiefs Cooperation Organisation (SARPCCO) re-committed itself to the implementation of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Protocol on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials during its 12th Annual General Meeting in Lusaka, Zambia. The challenges posed by the implementation of this Protocol were acknowledged during this meeting. Two of the main obstacles identified were the inadequacy of individual Member States' firearms control infrastructure, and the need for a more coordinated approach at the regional level. SARPCCO consequently constituted a Regional Coordinating Committee (RCC) to be the primary implementation body for the SADC Protocol. Brokering, marking and tracing, as well as stockpile management provisions are included in the SADC Protocol, and hence the RCC is required to address these issues.
Author Guy LambSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 3 –5 (2008)More Less
In the opening sequence of the acclaimed 2005 film 'Lord of War', which provides insight into the murky world of illicit arms brokering, the principal protagonist (fictional), Yuri Orlov (portrayed by Nicholas Cage) calmly declares : ""There are over 550 million firearms in worldwide circulation. That's one firearm for every twelve people on the planet. The only question is : How do we arm the other 11?""
Author Gugu DubeSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 5 –6 (2008)More Less
The illicit trafficking and proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALW) remains a problem in Africa and a number of other regions throughout the world. Subsequently, creating a universal system of firearms marking has become a focal point of several ongoing international arms control initiatives.
Source: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 6 –7 (2008)More Less
Noel Stott In a major step forward for both the peace process in Angola and for the struggle to eliminate landmines globally, the Angolan government, on 5 July 2002, ratified the 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti- Personnel Landmines and on Their Destruction. The Convention will enter into force for Angola on 1 January 2003. Although there have been no reports of use since the signing of this Agreement, landmines continue to claim victims.
Author Dominique DyeSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 7 –8 (2008)More Less
One of the major impediments to controlling the illicit proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALW) is the difficulty in tracing their origin and movement within and across states. Developing effective mechanisms for marking and tracing these weapons can assist in curbing their proliferation by identifying sources, trade patterns, and points where weapons have been diverged from legal sources to illicit markets.
Author Nelson AlusalaSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 9 –10 (2008)More Less
Man-portable air defence systems (Manpads) are short-range surface-to-air missile (SAMs) systems that are carried and operated by either a single individual or a crew of individuals. They are commonly referred to as shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles. Manpads were developed in the late 1950s to provide land-based military groupings with the ability to damage and destroy enemy aircraft. Manpads proved to be decisive weapon in the Afghan-Soviet war of the 1980s. Manpads pose a specific threat to peace and security in Africa, and other regions, as terrorist groups and non-state actors can use Manpads to target and destroy civilian aircraft.
Source: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 10 –11 (2008)More Less
From 31 March to 1 April 2008, the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) and the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) with the financial support of the Royal Government of Norway convened a workshop in Pretoria, South Africa, to discuss the implications of the pending entry-into-force and implementation of the Pelindaba Treaty.
Source: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 11 –12 (2008)More Less
In May 2008, the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) under its Africa's Development and the Threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) project, co-hosted a regional biosecurity workshop with the Center for International and Security Studies (Maryland), in Johannesburg, South Africa. The regional biosecurity workshop brought together government, scientific, international security and industry experts from various African countries to examine the opportunities and challenges posed by advances in the life sciences. As part of this effort, the workshop considered various national and international proposals aimed at helping promote legitimate research activities and prevent misuse, whether deliberate or inadvertent.
Building Stakeholdership in Support of Malawi's Ratification of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention : report on meeting : 5 June 2008, Lilongwe, MalawiAuthor Amelia Du RandSource: Arms Control : Africa 1 (2008)More Less
A one-day meeting entitled ""Building Stakeholdership in Support of Malawi's Ratification of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention"" was held on 5 June 2008 in Lilongwe, Malawi co-hosted by the BioWeapons Prevention Project (BWPP), Centre for Human Rights and Rehabilitation (CHRR) and the Institute for Security Studies (ISS). This meeting was the third in a series of similar meetings co-hosted by BWPP partners, the first two having taken place in Nairobi in 2006 and 2007 respectively. The BWPP is a global network of civil society organisations (CSOs) that aims to strengthen the norm against using disease as a weapon.