Arms Control : Africa - Volume 1, Issue 4, 2008
Volume 1, Issue 4, 2008
Source: Arms Control : Africa 1 (2008)More Less
Welcome to the fourth issue of Arms Control : Africa, which is published by the Arms Management Programme (AMP) of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS). The aim of Arms Control : Africa is to provide relevant information and analysis on arms and arms control developments that are either taking place in Africa, or which have the potential to have a significant impact on the continent.
Author Gugu DubeSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 2 –3 (2008)More Less
Over the past decade, explosions at arms depots in Africa have resulted in thousands of deaths. These deaths could arguably have been prevented if security agencies in the countries had instituted more effective arms depot / stockpile management processes. The table below provides details of some of the explosions that have taken place in Africa between 1998 and 2007.
Author Noel StottSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 3 –5 (2008)More Less
The South African government has consistently stated that peace and security in the Southern African region and on the African continent must remain a top priority. This attitude toward regional security is evident in the firearm destruction policies and processes of the South African Police Service (SAPS).
Author Mehari Taddele MaruSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 5 –6 (2008)More Less
Ethiopia is party to the Nairobi Protocol for Prevention, Control in Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa (Nairobi Protocol), which compels signatories to dispose of confiscated and unlicensed small arms and light weapons (SALWs). This provision is also included in Ethiopian law. According to the Ethiopian Police, between 2003 and 2004, there were 9,531 arrests and prosecutions for illegal arms transfers and possession. In addition, Ethiopia destroyed more than 11 700 small arms, 3 000 hand grenades and 170 000 rounds of assorted types of ammunition in 2006 and 2007. These arms and ammunition had either been confiscated by the police or had been voluntarily surrendered.
Author Dominique DyeSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 6 –7 (2008)More Less
In October 2000, the South African government took drastic steps in an attempt to tighten control over, and reduce, the excessive proliferation of firearms in the country by passing new and stringent legislation to replace the Arms and Ammunition Act (1969). This legislation, the Firearms Control Act (Act 60 of 2000), entered into force in 2004. Further amendments were made to this legislation in 2006.
Author Guy LambSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 7 –8 (2008)More Less
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) Protocol on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Related Materials (2001) provides for the regulation of arms brokering activities in SADC Member States. In this regard, section 5.3 (m) of the protocol stipulates that State Parties should incorporate provisions that ""regulate firearm brokering"" in their national laws ""as a matter of priority"". However, only two of these Member States have specific legislative provisions to regulate brokering activities, namely Mauritius and South Africa.
Measuring the impact of arms control agreements in Africa : National Reports on the United Nations programme of action on small arms and light weapons in AfricaAuthor Irene NdunguSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 9 –11 (2008)More Less
The UN Programme of Action (PoA) to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects includes a number of measures at the national, regional and global levels, in the areas of legislation and destruction of small arms and light weapons (SALW) that have been confiscated, seized, or collected in individual UN member states, as well as international cooperation and assistance efforts undertaken in strengthening the ability of member states in identifying and tracing illicit SALW.
Author C. Nna-Emeka OkerekeSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 11 –14 (2008)More Less
The West African sub-region has in the past two decades been enmeshed in recurrent incidences of armed conflicts and criminal anarchy. Some notable incidences of violent conflicts range from the networked wars in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Cote d'Ivoire, Chad and Guinea Bissau to the epidemics of militant nationalism, political violence and criminal banditry that cut across the various countries in the subregion.
Author Nelson AlusalaSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 14 –15 (2008)More Less
Regional instruments on peace and security, like the issues they are meant to tackle, have to be intrinsically dynamic in nature in order to remain relevant. This is equally true with instruments meant to regulate the manufacture, trade and use of small arms and light weapons (SALW). This flexibility is paramount especially in situations where the proliferation of arms remains a major concern, like in Africa's zones of conflict. It was the continued proliferation of small arms, light weapons and ammunition in West Africa that necessitated the transformation of the Economic Community of West African (ECOWAS) Moratorium on the Importation, Exportation and Manufacture of Small Arms and Light Weapons (established in 1998), into a Convention (on small arms and light weapons and their ammunition and other related materials) in 2006. The transformation process was informed by the objectives of the 2001 United Nations Programme of Action (UNPoA) to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.
Implementing and measuring the impact of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) in AfricaAuthor Amelia Du RandSource: Arms Control : Africa 1, pp 15 –18 (2008)More Less
The BTWC, which opened for signature in 1972 and entered into force in 1975, forms part of the international community's efforts to address the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including chemical and nuclear weapons and effectively prohibits the development, production, acquisition, transfer, retention, and stockpiling of biological and toxin weapons. As of August 2008, 162 countries worldwide are States Parties, 13 are Signatory States and 20 are Non-Signatory States.