oa Arms Control : Africa - Implementing and measuring the impact of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) in Africa



The BTWC, which opened for signature in 1972 and entered into force in 1975, forms part of the international community's efforts to address the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including chemical and nuclear weapons and effectively prohibits the development, production, acquisition, transfer, retention, and stockpiling of biological and toxin weapons. As of August 2008, 162 countries worldwide are States Parties, 13 are Signatory States and 20 are Non-Signatory States.


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