Arms Control : Africa - Volume 2002, Issue 2, 2002
Volume 2002, Issue 2, 2002
Source: Arms Control : Africa 2002 (2002)More Less
May 25th marked the commemoration of Africa Day, a day that observes the founding of the Organisation of African Unity in 1963. The OAU, in its efforts to seek alternative ways to address economic development, good governance, the rule of law , democracy and conflict prevention, has moved towards the creation of the African Union. The launch of the AU will occur at the Summit in Durban, South Africa in July 2002. Through the mechanisms in place within the framework of the African Union, including the CSSDCA and NEPAD, the AU will address factors hampering peace and economic growth in Africa.
Source: Arms Control : Africa 2002, pp 2 –3 (2002)More Less
Author Angela McIntyreSource: Arms Control : Africa 2002 (2002)More Less
For millions of Sierra Leonean, Angolan and Congolese children, peace has become something mythical, or at best a distant memory. Over the past decades armed conflicts in Sierra Leone, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo have wreaked destruction on civilian populations, destroyed infrastructure and distorted economies. These conflicts have effectively erased the lines between civilian and military targets and in the process run roughshod over values and norms that would protect children and youth.
Author Noel StottSource: Arms Control : Africa 2002 (2002)More Less
Extracted from text ... ""collect, record and analyse information on the location of known or suspected mines areas throughout the country, and to provide an overview of their social and economic impacts"". It found that virtually every part of Mozambique experiences negative social and economic consequences from landmines and unexploded ordinance (UXO) contamination; that some 791 communities were landmine-affected and 1374 communities lived in what have become known as ""Suspected Mined Areas"" (SMA). In addition, the Survey results showed that: n Landmines continue to affect all 10 provinces; n 9% of the population is directly affected by mines; n Landmine incidents continue to occur ..
Author Eleanor AbrahamsSource: Arms Control : Africa 2002 (2002)More Less
Securing Uganda's Borders Eleanor Abrahams Small arms and light weapons' proliferation continues to be a major concern with devastating consequences for civilians - men, women and children. The spread of weapons across borders, often undetected, has further destabilised communities who live along these borders. Banditry, crime and cattle rustling have become common activities along the border between Uganda and Kenya. A recent joint meeting of Kenyan and Ugandan officials identified illegal firearms as a major cause of cattle rustling and banditry along their common border.
Author Joao Gomes PortoSource: Arms Control : Africa 2002, pp 5 –6 (2002)More Less
The civil war in Angola came to a formal end on 4 April 2002 with the signature by the two belligerent parties, the government of Angola and UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola), of a cease-fire agreement entitled the 'Memorandum of Understanding Addendum to the Lusaka Protocol for the Cessation of Hostilities and the Resolution of the Outstanding Military Issues Under the Lusaka Protocol'
Author Richard MugishaSource: Arms Control : Africa 2002 (2002)More Less
The UN Conference on Small Arms, held in July 2002, was a first step in the right direction towards furthering controls on small arms and the momentum gained should be maintained. The greatest challenge now is the interpretation of the resulting UN programme of action on small arms. Many of its provisions are vague, which may allow loopholes to circumvent implementation. The Programme of Action does, however, give a clear role for civil society organisations to work in support of efforts to control the proliferation and misuse of small arms.
Source: Arms Control : Africa 2002, pp 7 –8 (2002)More Less
United Nations Protocol on Illicit Firearms The UN Firearms Protocol was adopted in May 2001 as a supplement to the UN Convention on Transnational Organised Crime. The Protocol is legally binding and includes measures to stop the trafficking and illicit manufacturing of firearms internationally.