Arms Control : Africa - Volume 3, Issue 1, 2011
Volume 3, Issue 1, 2011
Author Gugu DubeSource: Arms Control : Africa 3 (2011)More Less
Welcome to the first issue of the third volume of Arms Control: Africa, which is published by the Arms Management Programme (AMP) of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS). The aim of Arms Control: Africa is to provide relevant information and analysis on arms control developments that are either taking place in Africa, or have the potential to have a significant impact on the continent.
Author Mohamed CoulibalySource: Arms Control : Africa 3, pp 1 –2 (2011)More Less
Le commerce incontrólé et la fourniture anarchique des armes est un problème international avec des répercussions désastreuses sur la sécurité des citoyens du monde et le bien être en général des populations civiles pacifiques n'aspirant qu'à vivre normalement dans un environnement sain et sécurisé propice au développement.
Source: Arms Control : Africa 3, pp 3 –4 (2011)More Less
It is very difficult to accurately assess the role played by French-speaking Sub-Saharan African states in the international arms trade, because information on this subject is disparate and incomplete. Although it has been established that these countries import military material, figures on their production capacity and exports are particularly scarce. It is likely that, on a global scale, the quantity of these transfers is insignificant. However, some of these transactions have had and continue to have significant ramifications on regional security and socio-economic development. These countries have also frequently been at the centre of irresponsible or illegal transfers, including exports and re-exports at the regional level.
Source: Arms Control : Africa 3 (2011)More Less
The successful conclusion of the long-awaited referendum in Sudan marked the first step of a state building process for South Sudan. As widely expected, the referendum saw an overwhelming majority of voters favouring the formation of an independent South Sudan state. The expected ushering in of a new state to the community of nations has also been marked by suggestions for a new name for the "baby nation". Some of these suggestions include Republic of Equatoria, The Nile Republic, The Anyindi Democratic State, and Juwama (derived from the first two letters of each of the regional capitals Juba, Wau and Malakal). The proliferation of suggestions for the new name underpins the excitement that the people of South Sudan and their supporters feel towards the beginning of a new chapter in the history of the country.
Source: Arms Control : Africa 3, pp 5 –6 (2011)More Less
Finding the balance between security and development is one of the most challenging aspects of the international nuclear security regime.
Although the need to better secure nuclear and other radioactive material and associated technologies has been on the international agenda for many years, it has taken on heightened significance in recent times. The reasons for this are firstly the uncovering in 2004 of an international nuclear smuggling ring, the A.Q. Kahn network, which consisted of citizens from various countries spreading sensitive nuclear technologies without authorisation, and secondly post-9/11 evidence that Al Qaeda-linked groups have an interest in acquiring or developing a weapon of mass destruction (WMD) and in particular a nuclear or radiological explosive device. Sources of radiological and nuclear material include nuclear research reactors, nuclear power plants, radiological sources in hospitals, uranium and mines that produce uranium as a by-product.
Source: Arms Control : Africa 3, pp 7 –8 (2011)More Less
From 21 to 22 February 2011, representatives from the Southern African Development Community (SADC) member states attended a two-day workshop in Pretoria, South Africa, on weapons marking. The workshop, hosted by the Southern African Police Chiefs Cooperation Organisation (SARPCCO) and the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), introduced participants to the principles of "pinstamping", the process of physically marking firearms with a unique identification code that allows for easier tracking and tracing of weapons.
Source: Arms Control : Africa 3, pp 8 –9 (2011)More Less
China's willingness to sell arms to conflict-ridden countries in Africa, particularly Sudan and Zimbabwe, has heightened the prospect of armed violence by perpetuating instability. China's total arms sales are dwarfed by countries such as the United States and Russia; however, their arms exports to Africa have increased considerably in recent years, with a significant portion of those weapons distributed to "weak" or "failing" states.
Author Nyambura KimaniSource: Arms Control : Africa 3, pp 10 –11 (2011)More Less
As we witness the birth of the world's newest nation, South Sudan, many security challenges lie ahead in the construction of the state. One fundamental internal challenge is building unity, cohesion and integration on an individual and national level among the diverse Southern communities. Sustainable unity towards building a Southern identity will only be recognised in an environment of mutual trust. In order to do so, civilian disarmament is a prerequisite. This calls for a carefully organised, integrated and non-violent approach that would effectively sensitise and incentivise disarmament and arms control among civilians.