oa Arms Control : Africa - Soft border approach to preventing armed violence in Abyei



The successful conclusion of the long-awaited referendum in Sudan marked the first step of a state building process for South Sudan. As widely expected, the referendum saw an overwhelming majority of voters favouring the formation of an independent South Sudan state. The expected ushering in of a new state to the community of nations has also been marked by suggestions for a new name for the "baby nation". Some of these suggestions include Republic of Equatoria, The Nile Republic, The Anyindi Democratic State, and Juwama (derived from the first two letters of each of the regional capitals Juba, Wau and Malakal). The proliferation of suggestions for the new name underpins the excitement that the people of South Sudan and their supporters feel towards the beginning of a new chapter in the history of the country.


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