n International SportMed Journal - EPO abuse in sport : FIMS Position Statement 2009
|Article Title||EPO abuse in sport : FIMS Position Statement 2009|
|© Publisher:||International Federation of Sports Medicine|
|Journal||International SportMed Journal|
|Author||Paolo Borrione, Angela Spaccamiglio, Federica Fagnani and Fabio Pigozzi|
|Publication Date||Jan 2009|
|Pages||45 - 52|
|Keyword(s)||Detection methods, Erythripoietin, Erythropoietic stimulating molecules, Side effects and Sport|
In many sport disciplines the delivery of oxygen to muscles plays a critical role. Indeed, muscle performance declines during prolonged and intense activity as a consequence of the shift from the aerobic to the anaerobic metabolism with an increase of lactate. To enhance the aerobic capacity two alternatives may be used: increasing either the transport or the delivery of oxygen. In this setting, erythropoietin use is the practice of illicitly using a drug to improve athletic performances. In the present overview, old and newer erythropoietic stimulating molecules are described with a special emphasis on their potential side effects. Direct and indirect detection methods are briefly described with the aim of mentioning their roles and limits with regard to anti-doping strategies.
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