n International SportMed Journal - Effects of disability type and exercise participation on upper extremity function among disabled male workers : original research
|Article Title||Effects of disability type and exercise participation on upper extremity function among disabled male workers : original research|
|© Publisher:||International Federation of Sports Medicine|
|Journal||International SportMed Journal|
|Author||Mi-Hyun Kim, Yeong-Bae Lee, Sung-Hyouk Kim and Chan-Il Moon|
|Publication Date||Dec 2010|
|Pages||398 - 410|
|Keyword(s)||Disabled, Exercise, Function, Gachon University of Medicine and Science, Incheon, Republic of Korea, Inje University, Gimhae, Republic of Korea, Physical and Worker|
Background : Disabled persons tend to have a low degree of physical activity, which may have negative effects on their health and social activities. However, there are few studies on disabled workers' physical capacities. Research question : The purpose of this study was to analyse differences in the job-related physical capabilities of disabled male workers according to type of disability and frequency of regular exercise. Type of study : Cross-sectional study. Methods : One hundred and twelve disabled male workers were classified into four groups according to type of disability. Muscle strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, upper extremity function and the effects of regular exercise were measured and analysed. Results : In terms of upper extremity function, the brain injury group was slower in completing the pegboard test than the musculoskeletal injury group, and the spinal cord injury and brain injury groups were slower in completing the nine-hole peg test than the peripheral nerve injury and musculoskeletal injury groups. In the musculoskeletal disorder group, the strength of both wrist flexors and the left-wrist extensor was greater in subjects who exercised than in those who did not exercise. In the peripheral nerve injury group, upper extremity endurance was greater in subjects who exercised than in those who did not exercise. In the musculoskeletal injury group, upper abdominal and back endurance was greater in subjects who exercised than in those who did not exercise. Conclusions : Physical activity differed between disability types. Regular exercise may improve the job-related physical capabilities of the upper extremities of disabled male workers.
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