n International SportMed Journal - The female athlete triad : FIMS position statement 2011

Volume 12, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1528-3356



Increasing psychological and physiological demands on young female athletes, as well as the pressure from society for a lean and slim body can result serious health risks. Briefly, the triad is a combination of menstrual disturbances (amenorrhea or dysmenorrhoea), which may lead to a low mineral content of the bones and the risk of osteoporosis, and eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or a combination of both), while the athlete undertakes excessive exercise.

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