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n International SportMed Journal - A survey of the participation in competitive sports despite musculoskeletal complaints : a cross-sectional study
Context : It is not unusual for athletes to decide to participate in important competitions, despite an ongoing disability or injury.
Objectives : The main objectives were to evaluate the degree of confidence exhibited by injured athletes with regards to their participation in a major competition, and to profile the musculoskeletal injuries in a group of elite athletes prior to the start of an official competition.
Design : A cross-sectional survey.
Participants : The athletes of the Brazilian delegation participating in the IX South American Games, and the 2nd Lusophony Games who sought care from the Brazilian team's medical department with various musculoskeletal complaints.
Main outcome measures : Evaluation of athletes' degree of confidence using the Injury-Psychological Readiness to Return to Sport (I-PRRS) Scale, and profiling injuries.
Results : Regarding the onset of injury, of the 89 (12.8% of the 697 total participants) injured athletes who sought care from the medical staff, 42.7% of the athletes had been injured for longer than two months (n=38). Approximately half (43.7%) reported that the injury was recurrent. The most frequently occurring injury was tendinopathy (n=30, 33.7%), and the most frequent location of injury was the knee (n=14, 15.7%). When their degree of confidence was evaluated, the mean score on the Injury-Psychological Readiness to Return to Sport scale was 52, points (95%) CI (50.6 to 53.3).
Conclusions : The authors observed that some athletes participating in a major competition, even with existing musculoskeletal complaints, were worried about their injuries affecting their well-being and performance.
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