n International SportMed Journal - The effects of 16 weeks of exercise on metabolic parameters, blood pressure, body mass index and functional autonomy in elderly women : original research article

Volume 14, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1528-3356



The present study analysed the effects of 16 weeks of an exercise programme on blood lipids, blood pressure, anthropometry and functional autonomy of elderly women. Fifty-four elderly women were divided into two groups: experimental group (EG) (68.9 ± 6.8 years), who underwent a 16-week training programme, and a control group (CG) (66.6 ± 6.0 years). All metabolic parameters changed over the 16-week period for the EG: total cholesterol (228.0±34.8 to 190.5±22.5 mg/dl), HDL (48.4±4.9 to 53.4±6.0 mg/dl), LDL (162.4±16.6 to 115.2±11.9 mg/dl), VLDL, (31.5±4.0 to 29.7±4.4 mg/dl), triglycerides (127.5 ± 53.5 to 105.1 ± 30.2 mg/dl) and glucose (94.8±11.3 to 85.9±5.9 mg/dl). CG showed changes in total cholesterol (220.0±30.5 to 198.3±29.1 mg/dl) only. For blood pressure, EG improved after training with respect to systolic blood pressure (145.3±4.3 to 136.2±10.9 mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure (95.8±8.6 to 85.9±8.6 mmHg), while the CG showed improvement in systolic blood pressure (147.8±12.2 to 140.1±12.8 mmHg) only. Body mass index was lower after training for the EG (29.0±5.2 to 28.4±5.1 kg/m2). For functional autonomy, EG improved performance in the five tests evaluated: 10m walk test (C10m) (10.4±4.5 to 7.9±2.3 m), rising from a seated position (LPS) (12.4 ± 4.3 to 10.5 ± 3.0 s), rising from the prone position (LPDV) (7.9±3 to 6.2±3.6 s), rising from a chair and moving around the house (LCLC) (63.8±16.5 to 55.8±12.3 s) and testing to put on a shirt (VTC) (18.9±8.7 to 15.6±9 s). The authors conclude that a multiple-component physical activity training programme improves blood lipids, blood pressure, BMI and measures of functional autonomy in older women.

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