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n International SportMed Journal - The effect of an eight week proprioception training programme on knee joint proprioception in taekwondo athletes : original research article
Background : A regular proprioception training programme leads to significant improvement in the proprioceptive ability of athletes.
Research subject : The purpose of this study was to investigate the suitability of the knee joint proprioception for active taekwondo athletes and to examine the effects of an eight-week training proprioception programme on knee joint proprioception.
Type of study : Randomised controlled trial.
Methods : A total of 42 healthy taekwondo athletes participated in this study voluntarily. They were randomly divided into two groups: An experimental group of males (N=13) and females (N=13) undertaking a proprioception training programme and a control group of males (N=8) and females (N=8) who did not undertake the proprioception training programme during the eight-week period. The proprioception training programme was applied to the subjects three days per week for eight weeks. The measurement of the proprioception of subjects was taken using the Multi-joint System Biodex System 3 Pro isokinetic testing. Knee joint proprioception was evaluated twice: before and after the proprioception training programme.
Results : After the eight-week proprioception training programme, significant differences were observed in both the dominant (differences of mean 1.76±0.41 for 30° and 2.83±1.52 for 70° in female; 1.86±0.66 for 30° and 2.96±2.4 for 70° in male) and non-dominant (differences of mean 1.99±1.4 for 30° and 2.94±1.16 for 70° in female; 1.67±0.64 for 30° and 4.44±2.89 for 70° in male) knee joint proprioception scores in the experimental group (p < 0.05). It was concluded that the control group did not show any significant differences in either the dominant or non-dominant knee joint (30° and 70°) proprioception scores (p > 0.05).
Conclusion : The proprioception training programme improved knee joint proprioception based on the detection of positional sense for female and male taekwondo athletes.
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