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n International SportMed Journal - Traumatic and overuse injuries among elite adolescent alpine skiers : a two-year retrospective analysis : original research article
Background: Injury registrations of competitive young athletes are crucial for injury prevention. Particularly in alpine skiing, limited published data exist.
Research question: Aimed to profile the rate of injuries affecting skiers admitted to a ski boarding school. Of particular interest was the comparison of overuse and traumatic injuries during the winter and summer seasons.
Type of study: 2-year retrospective survey.
Methods: Multiple interviews were conducted with 104 elite alpine skiers, ages 15-18 years, from a ski boarding school in Austria. The injury risk and characteristics of ski specific injuries were evaluated.
Results: Overall, 89 skiers reported a total of 235 injuries (88 among females, 147 among males). Of the 61 male skiers, 40 sustained at least one traumatic injury (injury risk = 0.67) and 34 reported an overuse injury (injury risk = 0.56). Of the 43 females, 29 suffered at least one traumatic injury (injury risk = 0.67), and 26 reported an overuse injury (injury risk= 0.60). The risk of sustaining a traumatic injury was higher during the winter season (RR 1.39, 95% CI 1.02-3.42, P<0.05), and these injuries mainly affected the lower extremities. During the summer season, there was a higher risk for overuse injuries (RR 1.46, 95% CI 0.96-2.20, P<0.05), and most of these injuries were localised to the trunk and back.
Conclusion: The occurrence of traumatic injuries during the competitive season is high. Overuse injuries accounted for a relatively high proportion of time-loss injuries during summer training, suggesting that we should focus not only on traumatic injuries but also on overuse problems.
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