n International SportMed Journal - Physiological responses during taekwondo training and competition : review article

Volume 15, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1528-3356



The study aimed to review physiological responses to training and either simulated or official competition in adult World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) taekwondo athletes. The following databases were search: Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar and PubMed indexed articles published until January 2014. One hundred and forty-seven studies were retrieved using the following terms: "taekwondo and physiology", "taekwondo and heart rate", "taekwondo and blood lactate", "taekwondo and hormones", "taekwondo and time-motion", "taekwondo and competition" and "taekwondo and training". Twelve articles were selected, because they were conducted with WTF adult taekwondo athletes and measured heart rate, blood lactate and oxygen consumption in taekwondo combat competitions, competition simulations, isolated combat simulations or training sessions and were published in peer-reviewed journals. Studies demonstrated a high cardiovascular solicitation and a moderate to high aerobic demands during taekwondo specific training exercises. Due to the high variability of heart rate responses and blood lactate concentration during simulated taekwondo combat, further investigations are needed. When considering the energy system contribution, the only study available reported the predominance of the aerobic metabolism followed by the anaerobic alactic, which is the determinant during decisive actions. A high cardiovascular demand with most of the time spent exercising at high-intensity and maximum heart rate zone has been found during official combat. For blood lactate concentrations, studies reported moderate to relatively high values. There are limited studies about physiological responses during taekwondo specific training exercises, simulated and official combat. Future studies seem to be needed, especially those that will be conducted within official taekwondo matches and/or specific taekwondo exercise session.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error